Non-invasive PGAA, PIXE and ToF-ND analyses on Hungarian Bronze Age defensive armour

Marianne Mödlinger, Zsolt Kasztovszky, Zoltán Kis, Boglárka Maróti, Imre Kovács, Zoltán Szokefalvi-Nagy, György Káli, Eszter Horváth, Zsombor Sánta, Ziad El Morr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


Non-invasive, archaeometric analyses on selected Hungarian Bronze Age defensive armour is presented here: three greaves, three helmets two shields as well as one vessel fragment were analysed with PIXE, PGAA and TOF-ND. The detected alloy elemental and phase composition as well as its intergranular or spatial concentration distribution reveals important insights into the alloys used and the manufacturing techniques applied c. 1200-950 BC, and allows to reconstruct the production techniques used during the Late Bronze Age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-799
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2014



  • Annealing
  • Cold working
  • Metals
  • Neutron scattering and diffraction
  • Neutron topography
  • PGAA
  • PIXE
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pollution
  • Spectroscopy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Mödlinger, M., Kasztovszky, Z., Kis, Z., Maróti, B., Kovács, I., Szokefalvi-Nagy, Z., Káli, G., Horváth, E., Sánta, Z., & El Morr, Z. (2014). Non-invasive PGAA, PIXE and ToF-ND analyses on Hungarian Bronze Age defensive armour. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 300(2), 787-799.