Non-competitive antagonists of NMDA and AMPA receptors decrease seizure-induced c-fos protein expression in the cerebellum and protect against seizure symptoms in adult rats

Zoltán Tóth, András Mihály, Adrienne Mátyás, Beáta Krisztin-Péva

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the present study was to examine the role of ionotropic glutamate receptors in the cerebellum during generalized seizures. Epileptic neuronal activation was evaluated through the immunohistochemical detection of c-fos protein in the cerebellar cortex. Generalized seizures were precipitated by the intraperitoneal injection of 4-aminopyridine. The animals were pretreated with the NMDA receptor antagonists MK-801 (2 mg/kg), amantadine (50 mg/kg), and the AMPA receptor antagonist GYKI 52466 hydrochloride (50 mg/kg). Two hours after 4-aminopyridine injection, the number of c-fos immunostained cell nuclei was counted in serial immunohistochemical sections of the cerebellar vermis. The number of c-fos immunostained cell nuclei in the granular layer decreased significantly in animals pretreated with the glutamate receptor antagonists compared to the untreated animals having convulsion. We can conclude that mossy fiber stimulation exerts its seizure-generating action mainly through the ionotropic glutamate receptors of the mossy fiber synapses. Both NMDA and AMPA receptor antagonists are effective in reducing glutamate-mediated postsynaptic effects in the cerebellar cortex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalActa histochemica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018



  • 4-aminopyridine
  • Cerebellar cortex
  • Glutamate receptor
  • Mossy fiber
  • c-Fos protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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