TY - JOUR

T1 - Non-Abelian bremsstrahlung and azimuthal asymmetries in high energy p+A reactions

AU - Gyulassy, M.

AU - Levai, P.

AU - Vitev, I.

AU - Biró, T. S.

PY - 2014/9/25

Y1 - 2014/9/25

N2 - We apply the GLV reaction operator solution to the Vitev-Gunion-Bertsch (VGB) boundary conditions to compute to all orders in nuclear opacity the non-Abelian gluon bremsstrahlung of event-by-event fluctuating beam jets in nuclear collisions. We evaluate analytically azimuthal Fourier moments of single gluon, vnM{1}, and even numbered 2 gluon distribution, vnM{2}, inclusive distributions in high-energy p+A reactions as a function of harmonic n, target recoil cluster number, M, and gluon number, 2, at the RHIC and LHC. Multiple resolved clusters of recoiling target beam jets together with the projectile beam jet form color scintillation antenna (CSA) arrays that lead to characteristic boost-noninvariant trapezoidal rapidity distributions in asymmetric B+A nuclear collisions. The scaling of the intrinsically azimuthally anisotropic and long range in η nature of the non-Abelian bremsstrahlung leads to vn moments that are similar to results from hydrodynamic models, but due entirely to non-Abelian wave interference phenomena sourced by the fluctuating CSA. Our analytic nonflow solutions are similar to recent numerical saturation model predictions but differ by predicting a simple power-law hierarchy of both even and odd vn without invoking kT factorization. A test of the CSA mechanism is the predicted nearly linear η rapidity dependence of the vn(kT,η). Non-Abelian beam jet bremsstrahlung may, thus, provide a simple analytic solution to the beam energy scan puzzle of the near s independence of vn(pT) moments observed down to 10 AGeV, where large-x valence-quark beam jets dominate inelastic dynamics. Recoil bremsstrahlung from multiple independent CSA clusters could also provide a partial explanation for the unexpected similarity of vn in p(D)+A and noncentral A+A at the same dN/dη multiplicity as observed at the RHIC and LHC.

AB - We apply the GLV reaction operator solution to the Vitev-Gunion-Bertsch (VGB) boundary conditions to compute to all orders in nuclear opacity the non-Abelian gluon bremsstrahlung of event-by-event fluctuating beam jets in nuclear collisions. We evaluate analytically azimuthal Fourier moments of single gluon, vnM{1}, and even numbered 2 gluon distribution, vnM{2}, inclusive distributions in high-energy p+A reactions as a function of harmonic n, target recoil cluster number, M, and gluon number, 2, at the RHIC and LHC. Multiple resolved clusters of recoiling target beam jets together with the projectile beam jet form color scintillation antenna (CSA) arrays that lead to characteristic boost-noninvariant trapezoidal rapidity distributions in asymmetric B+A nuclear collisions. The scaling of the intrinsically azimuthally anisotropic and long range in η nature of the non-Abelian bremsstrahlung leads to vn moments that are similar to results from hydrodynamic models, but due entirely to non-Abelian wave interference phenomena sourced by the fluctuating CSA. Our analytic nonflow solutions are similar to recent numerical saturation model predictions but differ by predicting a simple power-law hierarchy of both even and odd vn without invoking kT factorization. A test of the CSA mechanism is the predicted nearly linear η rapidity dependence of the vn(kT,η). Non-Abelian beam jet bremsstrahlung may, thus, provide a simple analytic solution to the beam energy scan puzzle of the near s independence of vn(pT) moments observed down to 10 AGeV, where large-x valence-quark beam jets dominate inelastic dynamics. Recoil bremsstrahlung from multiple independent CSA clusters could also provide a partial explanation for the unexpected similarity of vn in p(D)+A and noncentral A+A at the same dN/dη multiplicity as observed at the RHIC and LHC.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.90.054025

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.90.054025

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84907434116

VL - 90

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 5

M1 - 054025

ER -