Noise and Transient Chaos

Ying Cheng Lai, T. Tél

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In this chapter, we treat transiently chaotic dynamical systems under the influence of noise, focusing on a number of physical phenomena. Firstly, we will demonstrate that noise can increase the lifetime of transient chaos and induce dynamical interactions among different invariant sets of the system. As a result, the stationary distributions of dynamical variables in a noisy system can be much more extended in the phase space than those in the corresponding deterministic system. Secondly, if the system has a nonchaotic (e.g., periodic) attractor but there is transient chaos due to a coexisting nonattracting chaotic set, noise can cause a trajectory to visit both the original attractor and the chaotic saddle, leading to an extended chaotic attractor. This is the phenomenon of noise-induced chaos, which can arise, for instance, when the dynamical system is in a periodic window. Of particular interest is how the Lyapunov exponent and other ergodic averages scale with the noise strength. Thirdly, if the system has a chaotic attractor, noise can cause trajectories on the attractor to move out of its basin of attraction so that either the attractor is enlarged or the originally attracting motion becomes transient. This is the phenomenon of noise-induced crisis, dynamically due to noise-induced heteroclinic or homoclinic tangencies that cause the attractor to collide with its own basin boundary. An issue of both theoretical and experimental interest is how the average transient lifetime depends on the noise strength.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationApplied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland)
PublisherSpringer
Pages107-143
Number of pages37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011

Publication series

NameApplied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume173
ISSN (Print)0066-5452
ISSN (Electronic)2196-968X

Fingerprint

Chaos theory
Attractor
Chaos
Chaotic Attractor
Dynamical systems
Trajectories
Lifetime
Trajectory
Ergodic Averages
Chaotic Dynamical Systems
Basin of Attraction
Homoclinic
Saddle
Invariant Set
Stationary Distribution
Lyapunov Exponent
Phase Space
Dynamical system
Motion
Interaction

Keywords

  • Chaotic Attractor
  • Exit Rate
  • Large Lyapunov Exponent
  • Lyapunov Exponent
  • Unstable Manifold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

Lai, Y. C., & Tél, T. (2011). Noise and Transient Chaos. In Applied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland) (pp. 107-143). (Applied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland); Vol. 173). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6987-3_4

Noise and Transient Chaos. / Lai, Ying Cheng; Tél, T.

Applied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland). Springer, 2011. p. 107-143 (Applied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland); Vol. 173).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Lai, YC & Tél, T 2011, Noise and Transient Chaos. in Applied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland). Applied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland), vol. 173, Springer, pp. 107-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6987-3_4
Lai YC, Tél T. Noise and Transient Chaos. In Applied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland). Springer. 2011. p. 107-143. (Applied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland)). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6987-3_4
Lai, Ying Cheng ; Tél, T. / Noise and Transient Chaos. Applied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland). Springer, 2011. pp. 107-143 (Applied Mathematical Sciences (Switzerland)).
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