A review of noble gas mixture ion lasers operating cw in hollow cathode discharges is given. The basic properties of hollow cathode discharges and the main principles of tube construction are described. For the He-Kr, He-Ar and He-Ne-Xe systems laser transitions, excitation mechanisms, operation of the lasers and questions of lasers for practical use are discussed. The single frequency operation of the lasers and some problems connected to this are also dealt with.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)