INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have reported genetic associations between with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the several genes of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA) system in otosclerosis without the confirmation of RAA system expression in human stapes footplates. There are conflicting results. These results are conflicting because RAA system expression has been attributed exclusively to neural, vascular, and renal tissues, exclusively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ankylotic stapes footplates (n = 20), cortical bone fragments (n = 10), and human kidney tissue specimens (n = 10) were processed to hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and RAA system-specific immunofluorescent assay (IFA), respectively. RESULTS: Histologic diagnosis of otosclerosis was established in all ankylotic stapes footplates. Histologically active- (n = 13) and inactive (n = 7) foci of otosclerosis were consequently characterized by negative immunoreactions for renin, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensin-II (AT-II), and angiotensin-II receptor (AT-IIR), consequently. In cortical bones, a considerable RAA system expression was observed confirmed in the perivascular bone marrow progenitor cells. Kidney specimens, applied as positive controls, showed intense RAA system-specific immunoreactions. CONCLUSION: Concerning current observations, the 4 studied members of RAA system that did not display active expression were not expressed at protein level in otosclerotic stapes footplates. This phenomenon was independent from the histologic activity of otosclerosis. Between these conditions, the etiologic role of RAA system is questionable in the pathogenesis of otosclerosis.
- Angiotensin converting enzyme
- Angiotensin receptor
- Reninangiotensin-aldosterone system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Clinical Neurology