No effect of transfusion transmitted virus viremia on the distribution and activation of peripheral lymphocytes in hemodialyzed patients

Bertalan Fodor, Erzsébet Ladányi, M. Aleksza, M. Takács, Gabriella Lakos, Ottó Árkossy, Aranka Koós, Attila Nagy, Júlia Széll, Nora Klenk, E. Sárváry, S. Sipka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: We aimed to examine the distribution and activation of peripheral T cells in TTV positive (n = 32) and negative (n = 17) hemodialyzed patients. The control group (n = 20) consisted of healthy blood donors. Method: TTV-DNA was detected by seminested PCR. CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, CD56, CD3/HLA-DR, CD3/CD69 and the Th1/Th2 ratio of T cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Circulating IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, TNF-α, TGF-β levels were measured by ELISA in the sera. Results: There was no difference between the CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD19 values of HD subjects. In addition, the expression of both activation markers, HLA-DR and CD69, was significantly elevated in the TTV-positive and -negative HD groups compared to the controls, but not showing any difference from each other. The measurements of intracellular cytokines showed the enhanced occurrence of INF-γ + CD4 T cells, and decreased appearance of IL-4 + CD4 lymphocytes in the HD groups without any significant difference between the TTV virus positive and negative patients. In addition, HD also elevated the expression of IL-10 in CD4 and CD8 (Th2) cells. There were only two significant changes in the levels of circulating cytokines: (a) IL-2 increased; (b) IL-13 decreased in both groups of HD patients compared to the controls, independently of TTV positvity or negativity. Conclusions: We assume that transfusion-transmitted virus does not cause any specific change in the distribution and activation of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of hemodialyzed patients. Hemodialysis itself, however, results in a significant activation of peripheral T cells with the domination of increased production of Th1 type cytokines, IFN-γ, IL-2, in contrast to the decreased synthesis of Th2 type cytokines, IL-4 and IL-13. Furthermore, the increased expression of IL-10 in the CD4 and CD8 cells of HD patients can be the sign of a contraregulatory Th2 activation as an answer on the Th1 effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)933-937
Number of pages5
JournalNephron
Volume92
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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Torque teno virus
Viremia
Lymphocyte Activation
Interleukin-13
Interleukin-4
Interleukin-10
Cytokines
Interleukin-2
T-Lymphocytes
HLA-DR Antigens
Th2 Cells
Blood Donors
Renal Dialysis
Interleukin-6
Flow Cytometry
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Lymphocytes
Viruses
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Hemodialysis
  • Lymphocytes
  • TTV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

No effect of transfusion transmitted virus viremia on the distribution and activation of peripheral lymphocytes in hemodialyzed patients. / Fodor, Bertalan; Ladányi, Erzsébet; Aleksza, M.; Takács, M.; Lakos, Gabriella; Árkossy, Ottó; Koós, Aranka; Nagy, Attila; Széll, Júlia; Klenk, Nora; Sárváry, E.; Sipka, S.

In: Nephron, Vol. 92, No. 4, 2002, p. 933-937.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fodor, Bertalan ; Ladányi, Erzsébet ; Aleksza, M. ; Takács, M. ; Lakos, Gabriella ; Árkossy, Ottó ; Koós, Aranka ; Nagy, Attila ; Széll, Júlia ; Klenk, Nora ; Sárváry, E. ; Sipka, S. / No effect of transfusion transmitted virus viremia on the distribution and activation of peripheral lymphocytes in hemodialyzed patients. In: Nephron. 2002 ; Vol. 92, No. 4. pp. 933-937.
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abstract = "Aim: We aimed to examine the distribution and activation of peripheral T cells in TTV positive (n = 32) and negative (n = 17) hemodialyzed patients. The control group (n = 20) consisted of healthy blood donors. Method: TTV-DNA was detected by seminested PCR. CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, CD56, CD3/HLA-DR, CD3/CD69 and the Th1/Th2 ratio of T cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Circulating IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, TNF-α, TGF-β levels were measured by ELISA in the sera. Results: There was no difference between the CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD19 values of HD subjects. In addition, the expression of both activation markers, HLA-DR and CD69, was significantly elevated in the TTV-positive and -negative HD groups compared to the controls, but not showing any difference from each other. The measurements of intracellular cytokines showed the enhanced occurrence of INF-γ + CD4 T cells, and decreased appearance of IL-4 + CD4 lymphocytes in the HD groups without any significant difference between the TTV virus positive and negative patients. In addition, HD also elevated the expression of IL-10 in CD4 and CD8 (Th2) cells. There were only two significant changes in the levels of circulating cytokines: (a) IL-2 increased; (b) IL-13 decreased in both groups of HD patients compared to the controls, independently of TTV positvity or negativity. Conclusions: We assume that transfusion-transmitted virus does not cause any specific change in the distribution and activation of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of hemodialyzed patients. Hemodialysis itself, however, results in a significant activation of peripheral T cells with the domination of increased production of Th1 type cytokines, IFN-γ, IL-2, in contrast to the decreased synthesis of Th2 type cytokines, IL-4 and IL-13. Furthermore, the increased expression of IL-10 in the CD4 and CD8 cells of HD patients can be the sign of a contraregulatory Th2 activation as an answer on the Th1 effect.",
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AU - Fodor, Bertalan

AU - Ladányi, Erzsébet

AU - Aleksza, M.

AU - Takács, M.

AU - Lakos, Gabriella

AU - Árkossy, Ottó

AU - Koós, Aranka

AU - Nagy, Attila

AU - Széll, Júlia

AU - Klenk, Nora

AU - Sárváry, E.

AU - Sipka, S.

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N2 - Aim: We aimed to examine the distribution and activation of peripheral T cells in TTV positive (n = 32) and negative (n = 17) hemodialyzed patients. The control group (n = 20) consisted of healthy blood donors. Method: TTV-DNA was detected by seminested PCR. CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, CD56, CD3/HLA-DR, CD3/CD69 and the Th1/Th2 ratio of T cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Circulating IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, TNF-α, TGF-β levels were measured by ELISA in the sera. Results: There was no difference between the CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD19 values of HD subjects. In addition, the expression of both activation markers, HLA-DR and CD69, was significantly elevated in the TTV-positive and -negative HD groups compared to the controls, but not showing any difference from each other. The measurements of intracellular cytokines showed the enhanced occurrence of INF-γ + CD4 T cells, and decreased appearance of IL-4 + CD4 lymphocytes in the HD groups without any significant difference between the TTV virus positive and negative patients. In addition, HD also elevated the expression of IL-10 in CD4 and CD8 (Th2) cells. There were only two significant changes in the levels of circulating cytokines: (a) IL-2 increased; (b) IL-13 decreased in both groups of HD patients compared to the controls, independently of TTV positvity or negativity. Conclusions: We assume that transfusion-transmitted virus does not cause any specific change in the distribution and activation of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of hemodialyzed patients. Hemodialysis itself, however, results in a significant activation of peripheral T cells with the domination of increased production of Th1 type cytokines, IFN-γ, IL-2, in contrast to the decreased synthesis of Th2 type cytokines, IL-4 and IL-13. Furthermore, the increased expression of IL-10 in the CD4 and CD8 cells of HD patients can be the sign of a contraregulatory Th2 activation as an answer on the Th1 effect.

AB - Aim: We aimed to examine the distribution and activation of peripheral T cells in TTV positive (n = 32) and negative (n = 17) hemodialyzed patients. The control group (n = 20) consisted of healthy blood donors. Method: TTV-DNA was detected by seminested PCR. CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, CD56, CD3/HLA-DR, CD3/CD69 and the Th1/Th2 ratio of T cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Circulating IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, TNF-α, TGF-β levels were measured by ELISA in the sera. Results: There was no difference between the CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD19 values of HD subjects. In addition, the expression of both activation markers, HLA-DR and CD69, was significantly elevated in the TTV-positive and -negative HD groups compared to the controls, but not showing any difference from each other. The measurements of intracellular cytokines showed the enhanced occurrence of INF-γ + CD4 T cells, and decreased appearance of IL-4 + CD4 lymphocytes in the HD groups without any significant difference between the TTV virus positive and negative patients. In addition, HD also elevated the expression of IL-10 in CD4 and CD8 (Th2) cells. There were only two significant changes in the levels of circulating cytokines: (a) IL-2 increased; (b) IL-13 decreased in both groups of HD patients compared to the controls, independently of TTV positvity or negativity. Conclusions: We assume that transfusion-transmitted virus does not cause any specific change in the distribution and activation of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of hemodialyzed patients. Hemodialysis itself, however, results in a significant activation of peripheral T cells with the domination of increased production of Th1 type cytokines, IFN-γ, IL-2, in contrast to the decreased synthesis of Th2 type cytokines, IL-4 and IL-13. Furthermore, the increased expression of IL-10 in the CD4 and CD8 cells of HD patients can be the sign of a contraregulatory Th2 activation as an answer on the Th1 effect.

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