Nitrous oxide emissions from European agriculture - An analysis of variability and drivers of emissions from field experiments

R. M. Rees, J. Augustin, G. Alberti, B. C. Ball, P. Boeckx, A. Cantarel, S. Castaldi, N. Chirinda, B. Chojnicki, M. Giebels, H. Gordon, B. Grosz, L. Horváth, R. Juszczak, Å Kasimir Klemedtsson, L. Klemedtsson, S. Medinets, A. Machon, F. Mapanda, J. Nyamangara & 14 others J. E. Olesen, D. S. Reay, L. Sanchez, A. Sanz Cobena, K. A. Smith, A. Sowerby, M. Sommer, J. F. Soussana, M. Stenberg, C. F E Topp, O. Van Cleemput, A. Vallejo, C. A. Watson, M. Wuta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Nitrous oxide emissions from a network of agricultural experiments in Europe were used to explore the relative importance of site and management controls of emissions. At each site, a selection of management interventions were compared within replicated experimental designs in plot-based experiments. Arable experiments were conducted at Beano in Italy, El Encin in Spain, Foulum in Denmark, Logärden in Sweden, Maulde in Belgium, Paulinenaue in Germany, and Tulloch in the UK. Grassland experiments were conducted at Crichton, Nafferton and Peaknaze in the UK, Gödöllö in Hungary, Rzecin in Poland, Zarnekow in Germany and Theix in France. Nitrous oxide emissions were measured at each site over a period of at least two years using static chambers. Emissions varied widely between sites and as a result of manipulation treatments. Average site emissions (throughout the study period) varied between 0.04 and 21.21 kgN2O-N ha-1 yr-1, with the largest fluxes and variability associated with the grassland sites. Total nitrogen addition was found to be the single most important determinant of emissions, accounting for 15% of the variance (using linear regression) in the data from the arable sites (p 2O emissions within sites that occurred as a result of manipulation treatments was greater than that resulting from site-to-site and year-to-year variation, highlighting the importance of management interventions in contributing to greenhouse gas mitigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2671-2682
Number of pages12
JournalBiogeosciences
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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nitrous oxide
agriculture
experiment
grasslands
Germany
grassland
greenhouse gases
analysis
field experiment
Belgium
Hungary
Denmark
experimental design
Sweden
Poland
greenhouse gas
mitigation
France
Italy
Spain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Rees, R. M., Augustin, J., Alberti, G., Ball, B. C., Boeckx, P., Cantarel, A., ... Wuta, M. (2013). Nitrous oxide emissions from European agriculture - An analysis of variability and drivers of emissions from field experiments. Biogeosciences, 10(4), 2671-2682. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-2671-2013

Nitrous oxide emissions from European agriculture - An analysis of variability and drivers of emissions from field experiments. / Rees, R. M.; Augustin, J.; Alberti, G.; Ball, B. C.; Boeckx, P.; Cantarel, A.; Castaldi, S.; Chirinda, N.; Chojnicki, B.; Giebels, M.; Gordon, H.; Grosz, B.; Horváth, L.; Juszczak, R.; Kasimir Klemedtsson, Å; Klemedtsson, L.; Medinets, S.; Machon, A.; Mapanda, F.; Nyamangara, J.; Olesen, J. E.; Reay, D. S.; Sanchez, L.; Sanz Cobena, A.; Smith, K. A.; Sowerby, A.; Sommer, M.; Soussana, J. F.; Stenberg, M.; Topp, C. F E; Van Cleemput, O.; Vallejo, A.; Watson, C. A.; Wuta, M.

In: Biogeosciences, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2013, p. 2671-2682.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rees, RM, Augustin, J, Alberti, G, Ball, BC, Boeckx, P, Cantarel, A, Castaldi, S, Chirinda, N, Chojnicki, B, Giebels, M, Gordon, H, Grosz, B, Horváth, L, Juszczak, R, Kasimir Klemedtsson, Å, Klemedtsson, L, Medinets, S, Machon, A, Mapanda, F, Nyamangara, J, Olesen, JE, Reay, DS, Sanchez, L, Sanz Cobena, A, Smith, KA, Sowerby, A, Sommer, M, Soussana, JF, Stenberg, M, Topp, CFE, Van Cleemput, O, Vallejo, A, Watson, CA & Wuta, M 2013, 'Nitrous oxide emissions from European agriculture - An analysis of variability and drivers of emissions from field experiments', Biogeosciences, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 2671-2682. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-2671-2013
Rees, R. M. ; Augustin, J. ; Alberti, G. ; Ball, B. C. ; Boeckx, P. ; Cantarel, A. ; Castaldi, S. ; Chirinda, N. ; Chojnicki, B. ; Giebels, M. ; Gordon, H. ; Grosz, B. ; Horváth, L. ; Juszczak, R. ; Kasimir Klemedtsson, Å ; Klemedtsson, L. ; Medinets, S. ; Machon, A. ; Mapanda, F. ; Nyamangara, J. ; Olesen, J. E. ; Reay, D. S. ; Sanchez, L. ; Sanz Cobena, A. ; Smith, K. A. ; Sowerby, A. ; Sommer, M. ; Soussana, J. F. ; Stenberg, M. ; Topp, C. F E ; Van Cleemput, O. ; Vallejo, A. ; Watson, C. A. ; Wuta, M. / Nitrous oxide emissions from European agriculture - An analysis of variability and drivers of emissions from field experiments. In: Biogeosciences. 2013 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 2671-2682.
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AU - Sommer, M.

AU - Soussana, J. F.

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