Nitrogen plasma-based ion implantation of poly(tetrafluoroethylene): Effect of the main parameters on the surface properties

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The surface of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE or Teflon) was treated by nitrogen plasma-based ion implantation. Accelerating voltages between 15 and 30 kV, fluences between 1 × 10 17 and 3 × 10 17 cm -2 and fluence rates between 3 × 10 13 and 7 × 10 13 cm -2 s -1 were applied. The effects of these main parameters were examined on the evolution of surface chemical composition, mean roughness, abrasive wear, wettability and surface electrical resistance. The aim was to obtain relationships, enabling to control the surface properties examined. The F/C atomic ratio determined by XPS strongly decreased, correlating inversely with voltage. The mean surface roughness characterized by topography measurements, increased, correlating directly with fluence and inversely with voltage. The wear volume obtained by multipass scratch tests did not show clear relationship with the main process parameters, however, it increased upon treatment with the increase of surface roughness and O/C atomic ratio. The water contact angle increased at low voltages and high fluences, due to preferential increase of roughness, and decreased at high voltages and low fluences, owing to intense defluorination and incorporation of N and O. The electrical resistance of the PBII-treated surfaces decreased by several orders of magnitude, showing a significant inverse correlation with fluence. It continued to decrease for samples exposed to air, primarily after treatments performed with low fluences, due to post-treatment type oxidation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6385-6389
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2010


  • Electrical resistance
  • Plasma-based ion implantation
  • Poly(tetrafluoroethylene)
  • Roughness
  • Wear
  • Wettability
  • XPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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