The in vitro effects of nicotinic acid (10-1000 μM), pyridoxine (0.1- 500 μM) and pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (0.1500 μM) and the ex vivo effects of nicotinic acid (2500 mg orally during 12 h) and pyridoxine (600 mg orally daily for seven days) on arachidonic acid metabolism were investigated in calcium ionophore A23187 (calcimycin)-stimulated human whole blood. In vitro nicotinic acid stimulated prostaglandin E2, thromboxane B2 and leukotriene E4 synthesis. Pyridoxine at all concentrations and pyridoxal-5'-phosphate at the highest concentration stimulated prostaglandin E2 and thromboxane B2 production, but had no effect on leukotriene E4 synthesis. Nicotinic acid treatment increased ex vivo prostaglandin E2, thromboxane B2 and leukotriene E4 synthesis to 185%, 165% and 175% of the initial values, respectively. In the pyridoxine-treated subjects, ex vivo prostaglandin E2, thromboxane B2 and leukotriene E4 synthesis was decreased after seven days to 75%, 65% and 45% of the initial values, respectively. In the present study the effects of nicotinic acid on the 5-lipoxygenase pathway in arachidonic acid metabolism were studied for the first time and the drug was found to stimulate this pathway in vitro and ex vivo. In vitro pyridoxine and pyridoxal-5'-phosphate had no effect on the 5-lipoxygenase pathway. The inhibition of leukotriene synthesis by pyridoxine ex vivo might be of therapeutic importance.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Pharmacology and Toxicology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis