We investigated the effects of nicotine and cotinine (0.5 nM-0.5 mM) on prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4 production in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes and on thromboxane B2 formation in human platelet-rich plasma, stimulated by calcium ionophore A23187. Nicotine and cotinine dose-dependently increased prostaglandin E2 synthesis in polymorphonuclear leukocytes from 25% (0.5 nM) up to nearly four-fold (0.5 mM). In concentrations found in the plasma of smokers, nicotine and cotinine increased prostaglandin E2 production by 33% (50 nM) and 50% (500 nM), respectively. Nicotine and cotinine equipotentially reduced both leukotriene B4 production in polymorphonuclear leukocytes and thromboxane B2 production in platelet rich plasma, the inhibition increasing from 20% (0.5 nM) to 60% (0.5 mM). The stimulation of prostaglandin E2 and inhibition of leukotriene B4 and thromboxane B2 production by nicotine and cotinine may due to the pyridine moiety that these compounds have in common.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||European Journal of Pharmacology: Environmental Toxicology and|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1993|
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