Newborns health in the Danube Region: Environment, biomonitoring, interventions and economic benefits in a large prospective birth cohort study

Zorana J. Andersen, Radim J. Sram, Milan Ščasný, Eugen S. Gurzau, Aleksandra Fucic, Laura Gribaldo, Pavel Rossner, Andrea Rossnerova, Markéta Braun Kohlová, Vojtěch Máca, Iva Zvěřinová, Dagmar Gajdosova, Hanns Moshammer, P. Rudnai, Lisbeth E. Knudsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The EU strategy for the Danube Region addresses numerous challenges including environment, health and socioeconomic disparities. Many old environmental burdens and heavily polluted areas in Europe are located in the Danube Region, consisting of 14 countries, with over 100 million people. Estimating the burden of environmental exposures on early-life health is a growing research area in Europe which has major public health implications, but the data from the Danube Region are largely missing. Aim: This review presents an inventory of current environmental challenges, related early-life health risks, and knowledge gaps in the Danube Region, based on publicly available databases, registers, and literature, as a rationale and incentive for a new integrated project. The review also proposes the concept for the project aiming to characterize in utero exposures to multiple environmental factors and estimate their effect on early-life health, evaluate economic impact, as well as identify interventions with a potential to harness social norms to reduce emissions, exposures and health risks in the Danube Region. Methods: Experts in environmental epidemiology, human biomonitoring and social science in collaboration with clinicians propose to establish a new large multi-center birth cohort of mother-child pairs from Danube countries, measure biomarkers of exposure and health in biological samples at birth, collect centrally measured climate, air and water pollution data, conduct pre- and postnatal surveys on lifestyle, indoor exposures, noise, occupation, socio-economic status, risk-averting behavior, and preferences; and undertake clinical examinations of children at and after birth. Birth cohort will include at least 2000 newborns per site, and a subset of at least 200 mother-child pairs per site for biomonitoring. Novel biomarkers of exposure, susceptibility, and effect will be applied, to gain better mechanistic insight. Effects of multiple environmental exposures on fetal and child growth, respiratory, allergic, immunologic, and neurodevelopmental health outcomes will be estimated. Parent's willingness to pay for reducing health risks in children will be elicited by survey, while values of cost-of-illness will be gathered from literature and national statistics. Effects of risk reducing interventions will be examined. Conclusions: The proposed project would provide novel estimates of the burden of early childhood diseases attributable to environmental exposures and assess health impacts of different intervention scenarios in the Danube Region, in an integrated approach combining human biomonitoring, epidemiological and social science research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-122
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironment International
Volume88
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016

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biomonitoring
economics
health risk
biomarker
health
exposure
health impact
willingness to pay
epidemiology
integrated approach
economic impact
lifestyle
water pollution
occupation
public health
incentive
environmental factor
atmospheric pollution
effect
climate

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Biomonitoring
  • Birth cohort
  • Childhood health
  • Danube region
  • Environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Newborns health in the Danube Region : Environment, biomonitoring, interventions and economic benefits in a large prospective birth cohort study. / Andersen, Zorana J.; Sram, Radim J.; Ščasný, Milan; Gurzau, Eugen S.; Fucic, Aleksandra; Gribaldo, Laura; Rossner, Pavel; Rossnerova, Andrea; Kohlová, Markéta Braun; Máca, Vojtěch; Zvěřinová, Iva; Gajdosova, Dagmar; Moshammer, Hanns; Rudnai, P.; Knudsen, Lisbeth E.

In: Environment International, Vol. 88, 01.03.2016, p. 112-122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Andersen, ZJ, Sram, RJ, Ščasný, M, Gurzau, ES, Fucic, A, Gribaldo, L, Rossner, P, Rossnerova, A, Kohlová, MB, Máca, V, Zvěřinová, I, Gajdosova, D, Moshammer, H, Rudnai, P & Knudsen, LE 2016, 'Newborns health in the Danube Region: Environment, biomonitoring, interventions and economic benefits in a large prospective birth cohort study', Environment International, vol. 88, pp. 112-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2015.12.009
Andersen, Zorana J. ; Sram, Radim J. ; Ščasný, Milan ; Gurzau, Eugen S. ; Fucic, Aleksandra ; Gribaldo, Laura ; Rossner, Pavel ; Rossnerova, Andrea ; Kohlová, Markéta Braun ; Máca, Vojtěch ; Zvěřinová, Iva ; Gajdosova, Dagmar ; Moshammer, Hanns ; Rudnai, P. ; Knudsen, Lisbeth E. / Newborns health in the Danube Region : Environment, biomonitoring, interventions and economic benefits in a large prospective birth cohort study. In: Environment International. 2016 ; Vol. 88. pp. 112-122.
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AU - Andersen, Zorana J.

AU - Sram, Radim J.

AU - Ščasný, Milan

AU - Gurzau, Eugen S.

AU - Fucic, Aleksandra

AU - Gribaldo, Laura

AU - Rossner, Pavel

AU - Rossnerova, Andrea

AU - Kohlová, Markéta Braun

AU - Máca, Vojtěch

AU - Zvěřinová, Iva

AU - Gajdosova, Dagmar

AU - Moshammer, Hanns

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AU - Knudsen, Lisbeth E.

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N2 - Background: The EU strategy for the Danube Region addresses numerous challenges including environment, health and socioeconomic disparities. Many old environmental burdens and heavily polluted areas in Europe are located in the Danube Region, consisting of 14 countries, with over 100 million people. Estimating the burden of environmental exposures on early-life health is a growing research area in Europe which has major public health implications, but the data from the Danube Region are largely missing. Aim: This review presents an inventory of current environmental challenges, related early-life health risks, and knowledge gaps in the Danube Region, based on publicly available databases, registers, and literature, as a rationale and incentive for a new integrated project. The review also proposes the concept for the project aiming to characterize in utero exposures to multiple environmental factors and estimate their effect on early-life health, evaluate economic impact, as well as identify interventions with a potential to harness social norms to reduce emissions, exposures and health risks in the Danube Region. Methods: Experts in environmental epidemiology, human biomonitoring and social science in collaboration with clinicians propose to establish a new large multi-center birth cohort of mother-child pairs from Danube countries, measure biomarkers of exposure and health in biological samples at birth, collect centrally measured climate, air and water pollution data, conduct pre- and postnatal surveys on lifestyle, indoor exposures, noise, occupation, socio-economic status, risk-averting behavior, and preferences; and undertake clinical examinations of children at and after birth. Birth cohort will include at least 2000 newborns per site, and a subset of at least 200 mother-child pairs per site for biomonitoring. Novel biomarkers of exposure, susceptibility, and effect will be applied, to gain better mechanistic insight. Effects of multiple environmental exposures on fetal and child growth, respiratory, allergic, immunologic, and neurodevelopmental health outcomes will be estimated. Parent's willingness to pay for reducing health risks in children will be elicited by survey, while values of cost-of-illness will be gathered from literature and national statistics. Effects of risk reducing interventions will be examined. Conclusions: The proposed project would provide novel estimates of the burden of early childhood diseases attributable to environmental exposures and assess health impacts of different intervention scenarios in the Danube Region, in an integrated approach combining human biomonitoring, epidemiological and social science research.

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