Newborn infants differently process adult directed and infant directed speech

Gábor P. Háden, Katalin Mády, Miklós Török, István Winkler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Infant directed speech (IDS) may serve important functions in language acquisition and in adult-infant communication. The processing of IDS evolves during the first years of life. In order to serve as an effective tool of language acquisition, already very young infants should be able to distinguish IDS from adult directed speech (ADS). We tested whether the ability to discriminate these two speech registers is functional in neonates, by recording EEG from 98 newborn infants in response to Hungarian words naturally spoken in the IDS and the ADS register. Words presented in the ADS register elicited a centro-parietal slow positivity in the 200–600 ms time window whereas words in IDS register elicited a small frontal negativity in the 700–900 ms time window. We conclude that newborn infants differentiate natural speech sounds based on speech register.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-112
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume147
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

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Newborn Infant
Language
Phonetics
Aptitude
Electroencephalography
Communication

Keywords

  • EEG
  • Infant directed speech
  • Language acquisition
  • Neonate
  • Speech register

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Newborn infants differently process adult directed and infant directed speech. / Háden, Gábor P.; Mády, Katalin; Török, Miklós; Winkler, István.

In: International Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 147, 01.2020, p. 107-112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Háden, Gábor P. ; Mády, Katalin ; Török, Miklós ; Winkler, István. / Newborn infants differently process adult directed and infant directed speech. In: International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2020 ; Vol. 147. pp. 107-112.
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