Computerised tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were the first methods directly depicting the brain and spinal cord in vivo, thus bringing revolutionary development in the imaging diagnostics of the central nervous system (neuroradiology). In the past decade, imaging times decreased dramatically and new methods developed and became available worldwide, mainly in MRI, yielding diagnostic information unimaginable previously. Reliable data can be obtained of e.g. the cerebral blood flow and its abnormalities by CT and MR perfusion (CTP/MRP), the biochemical compound of the brain by MR spectroscopy (MRS), the anatomical distribution of the white matter tracts by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography, and the exact localisation of brain functions can be determined by functional MR imaging (fMRI). After a short description of the new methods, their role in the neuroradiological diagnostics of several neurological disorders of primary importance will be presented.
|Translated title of the contribution||New possibilities of intracranial neuroimaging|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas