New plant nutrition advisory system in hungary

Gy Varallyay, I. Buzas, I. Kadar, T. Nemeth

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The status and role of soil testing and plant analysis in the rather heterogeneous agricultural ddevelopment of Central and Eastern Europe are summarized in the present paper, and an attempt is made to formulate the future tasks under the given changing political-economical circumstances. the paper is based, in the majority, on Hungarian facts, taking into consideration the experiences of the other “post block-countries,” as well. Soil testing and plant analysis were in a relatively favourable position in the monolithic, centrally-organized, quantity-oriented systems of Eastern Europe, where agricultural production was based - in most of the cases - on large-scale (sometimes “giant scale”) state farms and collective farms. Relatively well equipped laboratories were established with high (sometimes oversized) analytical capacities and with highly qualified staff well trained in soil survey, laboratory analysis, data processing, interpretation, soil mapping, and advisory service. In the large state farms and collective farms, well educated agronomists represent the potential guaranty for the successful and efficient practical use of the provided data. Most of their activities -large-scale, 1:10,000 practical soil mapping; soil tests and plant analyses for quality control and for the planning and implementation of rational plant nutrition; irrigation, drainage and soil reclamation practices; the establishment of forests, orchards, vineyards and other plantations; etc., were frnanced from the central state budget and the information-advisory service was practically free of charge or given only for a “symbolic price” from the users. Similar systems were used in Hungary, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic, Romania, and even in Poland and Yugoslavia - with mainly private and partly collective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2053-2073
Number of pages21
JournalCommunications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis
Issue number17-20
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 1992


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science

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