Introduction: Prostate cancer is a common disease among elderly male patients in developed countries. In addition to prostatectomy, definitive irradiation plays an increasing role in the treatment of localized disease. Aim: The authors wanted to share their experience obtained with the use of the Novalis TX linear accelerator for the application of dose-escalation, dynamic, intensity modulated arc therapy with the routine usage of cone-beam computer tomography based or image guided radiotherapy in patients with prostate cancer. Method: Between 2011, December and 2013, February the authors performed 102 treatments. In 10 low risk and 10 high risk prostate cancer patients (median age: 72.5 years) three-dimensional conformal plans with the same target volume coverage were created and tolerance doses of organs at risk (OAR) were compared. Results: Compared to three-dimensional conformal techniques, intensity modulated arc therapy treatments produced a significantly lower dose at organ at risk that led to a more favorable early toxicity rate. Conclusions: The intensity modulated arc therapy with image guided radiotherapy proved to be a safe standard treatment mode in the daily routine in the institute of the authors. Late toxicity and local control rates need to be further examined.
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