New cardioprotective agent flokalin and its supramolecular complexes with target amino acids: An integrated mass-spectrometry and quantum-chemical study

Vlada Pashynska, Stepan Stepanian, A. Gömöry, K. Vékey, Ludwik Adamowicz

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2 Citations (Scopus)


This study is devoted to examining the molecular structure and molecular mechanisms of action of the recently developed cardioprotective agent flokalin (Fl), a fluorine containing analogue of pinacidil, which is known as an activator of ATP sensitive potassium membrane channels. A combined experimental and computational investigation of flokalin and its biologically relevant supramolecular complexes with selected amino acids involved in KATP-channels proteins is performed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI MS) and by B3LYP/aug-cc-pVDZ quantum-mechanical calculations. First Fl solution is probed by ESI MS and a characteristic mass spectrum of the agent is obtained. Next the intermolecular interactions of Fl with the potentially targeted aminoacids (AA), Lys and Thr, are experimentally investigated. The spectra of the model Fl:AA systems (in 1:1 M ratio) contain information on the ions characteristic to the individual components of the mixtures; though the most interesting spectral results from the biophysical view point are related to the ions of stable molecular clusters formed by flokalin with AA. The peaks of such ions are quite prominent in the spectrum for the Fl:Lys system and less prominent for Fl:Thr. The equilibrium geometries and the corresponding interaction energies of the noncovalent supramolecular complexes registered in the mass spectra are determined in the quantum chemical calculations. The formation of the stable noncovalent complexes of Fl with Lyz and Thr revealed by the ESI MS probing and by the theoretical modelling testify to a possibility of interaction of flokalin with the KATP-channel domains enriched with the two amino acids in biological systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-449
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Structure
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2017



  • B3LYP/Aug-cc-pVDZ
  • Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
  • Flokalin
  • Lysine
  • Supramolecular complexes
  • Threonine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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