New Antiarrhythinic Agents. 2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-3-pyrroline-3-carboxamides and 2,2,5,5-Tetramethylpyrrolidine-3-carboxamides

Olga H. Hankovszky, Kalman Hideg, Ilona Bodi, Laszlo Frank

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Abstract

N-(ω-Aminoalkyl)-2,2,5,5-tetrarnethyl-3-pyrroline- or -pyrrolidine-3-carboxamides were acylated on the primary amino group of the side chain by means of reactive acid derivatives (acid chlorides, activated esters, phthalic anhydrides, phthalimide, 2-alkyl-4H-3,l-benzoxazin-4-ones) or they were alkylated by forming the Schiff bases and subsequent sodium borohydride reduction. Other tetramethyl-3-pyrrolinecarboxamide compounds were synthesized by acylating the aminoalkyl compounds with 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-dibromo-4-piperidinone in a reaction involving Favorskii rearrangement. Saturation of the double bond of some pyrroline derivatives furnished the pyrrolidinecarboxamides. The new compounds of each type were active against aconitine-induced arrhythmia and several of them had higher activity and better chemotherapeutic index than quinidine. A few selected examples from each type of the active new compounds showed strong activity against ouabain-induced arrhythmia; for comparison known drugs such as lidocaine, mexiletine, and tocainide were selected. The most potent compounds were oxidized to the paramagnetic nitroxides and the latter were reduced to the N-hydroxy derivatives; these products had no or only decreased antiarrhythmic effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1138-1152
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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