Neuropeptide receptors as potential drug targets in the treatment of inflammatory conditions

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cross-talk between the nervous, endocrine and immune systems exists via regulator molecules, such as neuropeptides, hormones and cytokines. A number of neuropeptides have been implicated in the genesis of inflammation, such as tachykinins and calcitonin gene-related peptide. Development of their receptor antagonists could be a promising approach to anti-inflammatory pharmacotherapy. Anti-inflammatory neuropeptides, such as vasoactive intestinal peptide, pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide, α-melanocyte- stimulating hormone, urocortin, adrenomedullin, somatostatin, cortistatin, ghrelin, galanin and opioid peptides, are also released and act on their own receptors on the neurons as well as on different inflammatory and immune cells. The aim of the present review is to summarize the most prominent data of preclinical animal studies concerning the main pharmacological effects of ligands acting on the neuropeptide receptors. Promising therapeutic impacts of these compounds as potential candidates for the development of novel types of anti-inflammatory drugs are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-20
Number of pages16
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • calcitonin gene-related peptide
  • cortistatin
  • galanin
  • pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide
  • somatostatin
  • tachykinin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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