Innervation of the locust oviduct has been investigated with morphological and electro-physiological methods. Using Co2+ and Ni2+ labelling technique, it was found that G7 N2B1 and B2a nerves innervate the oviduct musculature. Ultrastructurally two different terminals could be distinguished: (a) nerve endings containing mainly clear vesicles forming neuromuscular junctions with the muscle fibers; and (b) nerve terminals containing electron-dense granules which showed only "synaptoid" structures, but failed to form junctions with the muscle cells. The neuromuscular junctions proved to be functioning, since it was possible to record intracellularly miniature excitatory postsynaptic potentials and excitatory postsynaptic potentials from the muscle cells. The distribution of the amplitudes of the miniature excitatory postsynaptic potentials suggests a multiterminal innervation. Following electrical stimulation of N2B nerve, excitatory postsynaptic potentials similar to those appearing spontaneously could be evoked. After repetitive stimulation, facilitation or summation of excitatory postsynaptic potentials was observed. The results obtained show that locust oviduct muscle has a double, motor and modulatory innervation.
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