A kisgyermekkori figyelemhiányos hiperaktivitás zavar neurokognitív tünetei.

Translated title of the contribution: Neurocognitive symptoms of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Andrea Szérémi, Zsanett Tárnok, Luca Farkas, József Dótzi, J. Gádoros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is the most common childhood-onset disorder that has been characterized with the dysfunction of executive functions. These functions are related to the frontal lobe, especially to different frontostriatal networks. The purpose of this study was to examine executive functions of 5-7 years old (non-literate) children with and without ADHD. METHOD: We used well-known neuropsychological tests (and some other tests developed by us) which measure the organisation and execution of behavior and thinking. 31 children with ADHD and 26 healthy children without ADHD -- comparable to the other sample with respect to age and sex -- participated in this examination. We compared the two groups in terms of various aspects of executive functions, such as inhibition, attention, motor implementation and visual memory. The test battery used included the Colour Raven Test, a version of the Tower of Hanoi for children, the Bender A and B Test, the Block Design Subtest of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale, the children version of Rey Complex Figure Test, the Picture Attention Test and the Fruit Stroop Test. In order to explore the characteristics of the variables, the factor-analytic method was used by which the various aspects of executive functions could be separated. RESULTS: Statistical comparison of the two groups revealed that several aspects of executive dysfunctions (strategy-constitution, inhibition, attention and motor implementation) can be seen in ADHD.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)299-311
Number of pages13
JournalPsychiatria Hungarica : A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság tudományos folyóirata
Volume20
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Fingerprint

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Executive Function
Stroop Test
Wechsler Scales
Crows
Neuropsychological Tests
Constitution and Bylaws
Frontal Lobe
Intelligence
Fruit
Color
Inhibition (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

A kisgyermekkori figyelemhiányos hiperaktivitás zavar neurokognitív tünetei. / Szérémi, Andrea; Tárnok, Zsanett; Farkas, Luca; Dótzi, József; Gádoros, J.

In: Psychiatria Hungarica : A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság tudományos folyóirata, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2005, p. 299-311.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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