We examined the effect of cannabinoid receptor activation on basal and electrical field simulation-evoked (25 V, 2 Hz, 240 shocks) [3H]dopamine efflux in the isolated rat nucleus accumbens in a preparation, in which any effect on the dendrites or somata of ventral tegmental projection neurons was excluded. The cannabinoid agonist (R)-(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-morpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-1-naphthalenylmethanone mesylate (WIN55,212-2, 100 nM) significantly enhanced stimulation-evoked [3H]dopamine release in the presence of the selective dopamine transporter inhibitor 1-[2-[bis-(4-fluorophenyl)methoxy]ethyl]-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine dihydrochloride (GBR12909, 100 nM). GBR12909 (100 nM-1 μM), when added alone, increased the evoked [3H]dopamine efflux in a concentration-dependent manner. The stimulatory effect of WIN55,212-2 on the evoked tritium efflux was inhibited by the selective CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonist N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-iodophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (AM251, 100 nM) and by the GABAA receptor antagonist bicuculline (10 μM). Repeated application of N-methyl-d aspartate (1 mM) under Mg2+-free conditions, which directly acts on dopaminergic terminals, reversibly increased the tritium efflux, but WIN55,212-2 did not affect N-methyl-d aspartate-evoked [3H]dopamine efflux, indicating that WIN55,212-2 has no direct action on dopaminergic nerve terminals. AM251 (100 nM) alone also did not have an effect on electrical stimulation-evoked [3H]dopamine efflux. Likewise, the selective CB2 receptor antagonist 6-iodo-2-methyl-1-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-1H-indol-3-yl](4-methoxyphenyl)methanone (AM630, 0.3 μM) and the anandamide transport inhibitor (5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)-N-(4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)-5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenamide (VDM11, 10 μM) had no significant effect on electrically evoked [3H]dopamine release. This is the first neurochemical evidence that the activation of CB1 cannabinoid receptors leads to the augmentation of [3H]dopamine efflux via a local GABAA receptor-mediated disinhibitory mechanism in the rat nucleus accumbens.
- CB1 receptor
- Nucleus accumbens
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology