Neural network regulating heart activity in Aplysia depilans and its comparison with other gastropod species

S. Rózsa K., J. Salánki, M. Véró, N. Kovačevič, D. Konjevič

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

1. 1. The efferent part of heart regulatory neural network was investigated in Aptysia depilans. 2. 2. In the abdominal ganglion 9 identified giant neurons and 12 unidentified small cells were found which modified heart activity, 3 neurons of the RP1G. 1-1 cell of the RPG and LPG involved in heart regulation were also detected. 3. 3. Similar to other gastropod species, the heart regulatory neural network of Aplysia depilans is scattered throughout the CNS. 4. 4. Most of the neurons having efferent influences on the heart receive also inputs from heart. There were only six exceptions, five located in the abdominal ganglion and one in the LPG. A left side dominancy was found in the localization of heart regulatory neurons. 5. 5. One interneurone (L10) and two motoneurons (RBHE, LDHI1) were identified and described earlier in other Aplysia species. Cell L10 was silent or displayed tonically active or a bursting pattern. Its tonic firing led to the inhibition of the heart. Neurone L10 received indirect information from the heart. 6. 6. There exist mutual connections between or similar inputs in neurones located in different ganglia. The regulation of heart activity in Aplysia depilans seems to be accomplished by the aid of multifunctional neural networks, where the regulation of various organs is subordinated to the need of the whole organism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-68
Number of pages8
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology
Volume65
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1980

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Aplysia
Gastropoda
Neural networks
Neurons
Penicillin G Benzathine
Ganglia
Efferent Neurons
Motor Neurons
Interneurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Neural network regulating heart activity in Aplysia depilans and its comparison with other gastropod species. / K., S. Rózsa; Salánki, J.; Véró, M.; Kovačevič, N.; Konjevič, D.

In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology, Vol. 65, No. 1, 1980, p. 61-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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