Nerve growth factor in combination with second messenger analogues causes neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells expressing a dominant inhibitory Ras protein without inducing activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases

Gábor Boglári, J. Szeberényi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present work, nerve growth factor (NGF) was used in combination with the calcium ionophore, ionomycin or dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP), to study the connection between neuronal differentiation and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation of PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cells expressing a dominant negative, Ha-Ras Asn17 protein. Due to the block of endogenous Ras activity, neurite outgrowth in response to NGF is completely inhibited in these cells. However, this blockade can be bypassed by combined treatment with NGF plus ionomycin or NGF plus dbcAMP. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK kinase inhibitor, PD98059, proved to be insufficient in inhibiting the neurite outgrowth under these conditions. Moreover, although both long-term ERK activation and nuclear translocation of ERKs are believed to be key events in neuronal differentiation, neither detectable ERK phosphorylation, nor nuclear translocation of these enzymes, occurred upon combination treatments in our experimental system. However, the neuritogenesis induced by either the combination of NGF/ionomycin or NGF/dbcAMP was inhibited by the Trk inhibitor, K252a. Ras-independent pathways, originating from the NGF receptor, can thus synergize with second messenger analogues bypassing the ERK cascade but leading to the same biological result - neurite formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1445-1454
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

ras Proteins
PC12 Cells
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
Second Messenger Systems
Nerve Growth Factor
Bucladesine
Ionomycin
Nerve Growth Factor Receptor
Calcium Ionophores
Pheochromocytoma
Neurites
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Phosphotransferases
Phosphorylation
Enzymes

Keywords

  • Dibutyryl cyclic AMP
  • Ha-Ras Asn17
  • Ionomycin
  • Trk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "In the present work, nerve growth factor (NGF) was used in combination with the calcium ionophore, ionomycin or dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP), to study the connection between neuronal differentiation and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation of PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cells expressing a dominant negative, Ha-Ras Asn17 protein. Due to the block of endogenous Ras activity, neurite outgrowth in response to NGF is completely inhibited in these cells. However, this blockade can be bypassed by combined treatment with NGF plus ionomycin or NGF plus dbcAMP. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK kinase inhibitor, PD98059, proved to be insufficient in inhibiting the neurite outgrowth under these conditions. Moreover, although both long-term ERK activation and nuclear translocation of ERKs are believed to be key events in neuronal differentiation, neither detectable ERK phosphorylation, nor nuclear translocation of these enzymes, occurred upon combination treatments in our experimental system. However, the neuritogenesis induced by either the combination of NGF/ionomycin or NGF/dbcAMP was inhibited by the Trk inhibitor, K252a. Ras-independent pathways, originating from the NGF receptor, can thus synergize with second messenger analogues bypassing the ERK cascade but leading to the same biological result - neurite formation.",
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AB - In the present work, nerve growth factor (NGF) was used in combination with the calcium ionophore, ionomycin or dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP), to study the connection between neuronal differentiation and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation of PC12 rat pheochromocytoma cells expressing a dominant negative, Ha-Ras Asn17 protein. Due to the block of endogenous Ras activity, neurite outgrowth in response to NGF is completely inhibited in these cells. However, this blockade can be bypassed by combined treatment with NGF plus ionomycin or NGF plus dbcAMP. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK kinase inhibitor, PD98059, proved to be insufficient in inhibiting the neurite outgrowth under these conditions. Moreover, although both long-term ERK activation and nuclear translocation of ERKs are believed to be key events in neuronal differentiation, neither detectable ERK phosphorylation, nor nuclear translocation of these enzymes, occurred upon combination treatments in our experimental system. However, the neuritogenesis induced by either the combination of NGF/ionomycin or NGF/dbcAMP was inhibited by the Trk inhibitor, K252a. Ras-independent pathways, originating from the NGF receptor, can thus synergize with second messenger analogues bypassing the ERK cascade but leading to the same biological result - neurite formation.

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