Neglected waterborne parasitic protozoa and their detection in water

J. Plutzer, Panagiotis Karanis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

36 Citations (Scopus)


Outbreak incidents raise the question of whether the less frequent aetiological agents of outbreaks are really less frequent in water. Alternatively, waterborne transmission could be relevant, but the lack of attention and rapid, sensitive methods to recover and detect the exogenous stages in water may keep them under-recognized. High quality information on the prevalence and detection of less frequent waterborne protozoa, such as Cyclospora cayetanensis, Toxoplasma gondii, Isospora belli, Balantidium coli, Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba histolytica and other free-living amoebae (FLA), are not available.This present paper discusses the detection tools applied for the water surveillance of the neglected waterborne protozoa mentioned above and provides future perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-332
Number of pages15
JournalWater Research
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2016


  • Detection
  • Neglected Parasites
  • Prevalence
  • Water
  • Waterborne

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Ecological Modelling

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