Near real time estimation of integrated water vapour from GNSS observations in Hungary

Sz Rózsa, A. Kenyeres, T. Weidinger, A. Z. Gyöngyösi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)


Meteorological products derived from Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) observations have been routinely used for numerical weather prediction in several regions of the world. Hungary would like to join these activities exploiting meteorological usage of the dense GNSS CORS (Continuously Operating Reference Station) network operated by the Institute of Geodesy, Cartography and Remote Sensing for positioning applications. This paper introduces the near real-time processing system of GNSS observations for meteorological purposes in Hungary. The hourly observations of 35 Hungarian permanent GNSS CORSs are processed. This network is extended beyond the country with about 50 stations covering Eastern and Central Europe. The data analysis is being done using the Bernese V5.0 GPS data processing software. The Hungarian CORS network has an average baseline length of 60 km, thus the precipitable water vapour (PW) can be estimated with a high spatial resolution. The estimation of the PW from the zenith wet delay (ZWD) is carried out in near realtime. Firstly, the zenith hydrostatic delays (ZHD) are subtracted from the total delays. The wet delays are then scaled to precipitable water vapour values. The GNSS derived PW values were validated using radiosonde observations over Central Europe using the observations of a 47-day-long period (April 14–May 31, 2011). The results showed that the estimated PW values agree with radiosonde observations at the level of ± 1.5 mm in terms of standard deviation. In this comparison a bias of + 1.0 mm was observed. Following the validation phase, our analysis will be connected to the continental E-GVAP project (GNSS Water Vapour Programme of the Network of European Meteorological Services, EUMETNET).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEarth on the Edge
Subtitle of host publicationScience for a Sustainable Planet - IAG General Assembly, Proceedings
EditorsChris Rizos, Pascal Willis
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783642372216
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014
EventInternational Association of Geodesy Symposia, IAG 2011 - , Austria
Duration: Jun 28 2011Jul 2 2011

Publication series

NameInternational Association of Geodesy Symposia
ISSN (Print)0939-9585


OtherInternational Association of Geodesy Symposia, IAG 2011


  • CORS
  • GNSS meteorology
  • Integrated water vapour
  • Numerical weather prediction
  • Radiosounding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Geophysics

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    Rózsa, S., Kenyeres, A., Weidinger, T., & Gyöngyösi, A. Z. (2014). Near real time estimation of integrated water vapour from GNSS observations in Hungary. In C. Rizos, & P. Willis (Eds.), Earth on the Edge: Science for a Sustainable Planet - IAG General Assembly, Proceedings (pp. 31-39). (International Association of Geodesy Symposia; Vol. 139). Springer Verlag.