Nanoscale lithography of graphene with crystallographic orientation control

G. Dobrik, P. Nemes-Incze, L. Tapasztó, Ph Lambin, L. P. Biró

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The two scanning probe microscope based methods for the production of graphene nanoarchitectures with crystallographically oriented edges: scanning tunneling lithography (STL) and carbothermal etching (CTE) are compared. STL offers higher freedom in choosing the orientation, it makes possible sophisticated manipulation of the etched nanoarchitectures and immediate atomic resolution of the etched structure, but it suffers from the need of a conductive substrate. CTE at present can produce only zigzag edges, but these edges by the very nature of the process producing them are more regular than the edges produced by STL. CTE has the clear advantage that the produced nanoarchitectures are on an insulating substrate, no further transfer steps are needed. To date STL can produce graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) of a few nanometers in width, while the width of the GNRs produced by CTE is in the range of 20 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)971-975
Number of pages5
JournalPhysica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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