Nanocomposites by the use of simultaneous twin polymerization: Tin alloys in a carbon/silica matrix

Christian Leonhardt, Andreas Seifert, S. Csihony, Heino Sommer, Michael Mehring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


Twin polymerization is a novel nonaqueous route to synthesize organic-inorganic hybrid materials composed of interpenetrating phase nanodomains. Here we present the Simultaneous Twin Polymerization (STP) of 2,2′-spirobi[4H-1,3,2-benzodioxasiline] (Si-spiro) in the presence of tin(ii)-2,4-dimethoxyphenylmethanolate (1) mixed with a variety of metal additives, such as iron(iii), nickel(ii), copper(ii) and cobalt(ii) carboxylates. Nanocomposites composed of nanostructured tin alloys embedded in a carbon/silica matrix were obtained after treatment of the hybrid materials under reductive conditions using hydrogen. This approach allows the synthesis of a variety of tin alloys such as Sn2Co, Sn2Fe, Sn2Ni3, Sn3Ni4 and Sn5Cu6 which are embedded in a porous carbon/silica matrix. The as-prepared nanocomposites show BET surface areas up to 327 m2 g-1 and particles sizes of the tin alloys in the range of a few to hundreds of nm. High-angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF STEM) reveals a homogeneous distribution of the nanoparticular tin alloys in the carbon/silica matrix, which makes the nanocomposites potential anode materials for lithium-ion batteries as was demonstrated for the Sn2Ni3-based material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3091-3098
Number of pages8
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

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