Antibiotic resistance is one of the major challenges in healthcare of our time. To meet this challenge, we designed and prepared guanidine and lipophilic guanidine derivatives of the glycopeptide antibiotic teicoplanin to armed them with activity against the most threatening nosocomial bacteria, multiresistant enterococci. From teicoplanin and its pseudoaglycone, a series of N-terminal guanidine derivatives have been prepared with free and amide C-terminal parts. Six aliphatic and aromatic lipophilic carbodiimides were prepared and used for the synthesis of lipophilic guanidine teicoplanin conjugates. All new N-terminal guanidine antibiotics showed high activity against a standard panel of Gram-positive bacteria. Four selected derivatives displayed excellent antibacterial activity against a series of nosocomial VanA Enterococcus faecium strains.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery