Myosin phosphatase accelerates cutaneous wound healing by regulating migration and differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes via Akt signaling pathway in human and murine skin

Dániel Horváth, Adrienn Sipos, Evelin Major, Zoltán Kónya, Róbert Bátori, Dóra Dedinszki, Attila Szöllősi, István Tamás, Judit Iván, Andrea Kiss, Ferenc Erdődi, Beáta Lontay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wound healing is a complex sequence of cellular and molecular processes such as inflammation, cell migration, proliferation and differentiation. ROCK is a widely investigated Ser/Thr kinase with important roles in rearranging the actomyosin cytoskeleton. ROCK inhibitors have already been approved to improve corneal endothelial wound healing. The purpose of this study was to investigate the functions of myosin phosphatase (MP or PPP1CB), a type-1 phospho-Ser/Thr-specific protein phosphatase (PP1), one of the counter enzymes of ROCK, in skin homeostasis and wound healing. To confirm our hypotheses, we applied tautomycin (TM), a selective PP1 inhibitor, on murine skin that caused the arrest of wound closure. TM suppressed scratch closure of HaCaT human keratinocytes without having influence on the survival of the cells. Silencing of, the regulatory subunit of MP (MYPT1 or PPP1R12A), had a negative impact on the migration of keratinocytes and it influenced the cell-cell adhesion properties by decreasing the impedance of HaCaT cells. We assume that MP differentially activates migration and differentiation of keratinocytes and plays a key role in the downregulation of transglutaminase-1 in lower layers of skin where no differentiation is required. MAPK Proteome Profiler analysis on human ex vivo biopsies with MYPT1-silencing indicated that MP contributes to the mediation of wound healing by regulating the Akt signaling pathway. Our findings suggest that MP plays a role in the maintenance of normal homeostasis of skin and the process of wound healing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3268-3280
Number of pages13
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Volume1864
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • Ex vivo human biopsy
  • Keratinocyte
  • Myosin phosphatase
  • Transglutaminase 1
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

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