Mutations associated with decreased susceptibility to seven antimicrobial families in field and laboratory-derived Mycoplasma bovis strains

Kinga M. Sulyok, Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Enikö Wehmann, Inna Lysnyansky, K. Bányai, Szilvia Marton, Akos Jerzsele, Zsuzsanna Rónai, Ibolya Turcsányi, László Makrai, Szilárd Jánosi, Sára Ágnes Nagy, Miklós Gyuranecz

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The molecular mechanisms of resistance to fluoroquinolones, tetracyclines, an aminocyclitol, macrolides, a lincosamide, a phenicol, and pleuromutilins were investigated in Mycoplasma bovis. For the identification of mutations responsible for the high MICs of certain antibiotics, whole-genome sequencing of 35 M. bovis field isolates and 36 laboratory-derived antibiotic-resistant mutants was performed. In vitro resistant mutants were selected by serial passages of M. bovis in broth medium containing subinhibitory concentrations of the antibiotics. Mutations associated with high fluoroquinolones MICs were found at positions 244 to 260 and at positions 232 to 250 (according to Escherichia coli numbering) of the quinolone resistance-determining regions of the gyrA and parC genes, respectively. Alterations related to elevated tetracycline MICs were described at positions 962 to 967, 1058, 1195, 1196, and 1199 of genes encoding the 16S rRNA and forming the primary tetracycline binding site. Single transversion at position 1192 of the rrs1 gene resulted in a spectinomycin MIC of 256 μg/ml. Mutations responsible for high macrolide, lincomycin, florfenicol, and pleuromutilin antibiotic MICs were identified in genes encoding 23S rRNA. Understanding antibiotic resistance mechanisms is an important tool for future developments of genetic-based diagnostic assays for the rapid detection of resistant M. bovis strains.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere01983
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Cattle
  • Mycoplasma bovis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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  • Cite this

    Sulyok, K. M., Kreizinger, Z., Wehmann, E., Lysnyansky, I., Bányai, K., Marton, S., Jerzsele, A., Rónai, Z., Turcsányi, I., Makrai, L., Jánosi, S., Nagy, S. Á., & Gyuranecz, M. (2017). Mutations associated with decreased susceptibility to seven antimicrobial families in field and laboratory-derived Mycoplasma bovis strains. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 61(2), [e01983]. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01983-16