Mutagenesis by man-made mineral fibres in the lung of rats

J. Topinka, P. Loli, M. Dušinská, M. Hurbánková, Z. Kováčiková, K. Volkovová, A. Kažimírová, M. Barančoková, E. Tatrai, T. Wolff, D. Oesterle, S. A. Kyrtopoulos, P. Georgiadis

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Abstract

The potential of two asbestos substitute mineral fibres - rock (stone) wool RW1 and glass wool MMVF10 - to induce gene mutations, DNA strand breaks, inflammation and oxidative stress has been studied in rats. Male homozygous λ-lacI transgenic F344 rats were intratracheally instilled with single doses of 1 and 2 mg/animal of fibres or with multiple doses of 2 mg/animal administered weekly on four consecutive weeks (8 mg in total). Exposure to RW1 fibres for 16 weeks significantly increased mutant frequency (MF) in the lung in a dose-dependent manner, while MMVF10 fibres did not exhibit any increase of MF at any dose. RW1 fibres gave a significant increase of MF at a dose of 1 mg. Four weeks after instillation, neither the single nor the multiple doses significantly increased MF for both fibre types. To investigate mechanisms for induction of mutations, other genotoxicity markers and parameters of inflammatory and oxidative damage were determined in relation to MF. A weak correlation of mutagenicity data with other genotoxicity parameters studied was observed. DNA strand breaks as measured by comet assay were increased in alveolar macrophages and lung epithelial cells of RW1 and MMVF10 treated rats. RW1 fibres caused more extensive lung inflammation as measured by release of neutrophils into broncho-alveolar lavage fluid than MMVF10 fibres. The effects were observed 16 weeks post-exposure, indicating a persistence of the pathogenic process during the exposure period. Only minor differences in the extent of inflammatory processes were observed between the doses of 2 mg and 4 × 2 mg, suggesting that any threshold for inflammation lies below the dose of 2 mg. With the exception of the highest dose of MMVF10 fibres after 16 weeks of exposure, no significant increase of oxidative damage as measured by levels of malondialdehyde in lung tissue was observed. MMVF10 fibres caused weaker inflammation in the lung of rats and did not exhibit any mutagenic effect. We conclude that a weak but chronic inflammation (more likely than acute inflammation or direct oxidative damage) in the lung tissue of fibre treated rats characterized by moderate influx of inflammatory cells into BAL is probably responsible for the observed mutagenic effect of RW1 fibres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-183
Number of pages10
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume595
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 20 2006

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Keywords

  • Glass wool
  • Inflammation
  • Mutations
  • Rock (stone) wool
  • Transgenic rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Topinka, J., Loli, P., Dušinská, M., Hurbánková, M., Kováčiková, Z., Volkovová, K., Kažimírová, A., Barančoková, M., Tatrai, E., Wolff, T., Oesterle, D., Kyrtopoulos, S. A., & Georgiadis, P. (2006). Mutagenesis by man-made mineral fibres in the lung of rats. Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, 595(1-2), 174-183. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2005.11.001