The authors report a case of a 27-year-old patient who had deeply infiltrating endometriosis involving the rectum, sigmoid colon and the rectovaginal septum, which was removed by laparoscopic surgery. During surgery the affected bowel segment, the deeply infiltrating nodule of the rectovaginal septum and the posterior vaginal wall were resected and the 12 cm long specimen was removed transvaginally. Postoperative bleeding was noted in the first postoperative day, which was treated laparoscopically, aswell. This case history confirms data from the literature showing that the natural orifice specimen extraction procedure can widely be applied during operations for deeply infiltrating endometriosis and that laparoscopic anterior resection is a safe and feasible method for the treatment of colorectal deeply infiltratnig endometriosis. Moreover, perioperative complications can be treated by means of laparoscopic surgery. Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(11), 420-423.
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