Muscular strength and markers of insulin resistance in European adolescents

The HELENA Study

D. Jiménez-Pavón, F. B. Ortega, J. Valtueña, J. Castro-Piñero, S. Gómez-Martínez, M. Zaccaria, F. Gottrand, D. Molnár, M. Sjöström, M. González-Gross, M. J. Castillo, L. A. Moreno, J. R. Ruiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the study was to examine the association of muscular strength with markers of insulin resistance in European adolescents. The study comprised a total of 1,053 adolescents (499 males; 12.5-17.5 years) from ten European cities participating in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) Cross-Sectional Study. Muscular strength was measured by the handgrip strength and standing long jump tests. Cardiorespiratory fitness was measured by the 20-m shuttle run test. Fasting insulin and glucose were measured and the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) and quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) indices were calculated. Weight, height, waist circumference and skinfold thickness were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. In males, the handgrip strength and standing long jump tests were negatively associated with fasting insulin and HOMA (all P <0.05) after controlling for pubertal status, country and BMI or waist circumference. When skinfold thickness was included in the model, the association became non-signiWcant. In females, the standing long jump test was negatively associated with fasting insulin and HOMA (all P <0.001) after controlling for pubertal status, country and surrogate markers of total or central body fat (BMI, waist circumference or skinfold thickness). Findings were retained in males, but not in females after controlling for cardiorespiratory fitness. The findings of the present study suggest that preventive strategies should focus not only on decreasing fatness and increasing cardiorespiratory fitness but also on enhancing muscular strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2455-2465
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume112
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Fingerprint

Skinfold Thickness
Waist Circumference
Insulin Resistance
Fasting
Body Mass Index
Homeostasis
Insulin
Fat Body
Adipose Tissue
Cross-Sectional Studies
Biomarkers
Weights and Measures
Glucose
Healthy Lifestyle
Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Fatness
  • Insulin resistance
  • Muscular strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Jiménez-Pavón, D., Ortega, F. B., Valtueña, J., Castro-Piñero, J., Gómez-Martínez, S., Zaccaria, M., ... Ruiz, J. R. (2012). Muscular strength and markers of insulin resistance in European adolescents: The HELENA Study. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112(7), 2455-2465. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-2216-5

Muscular strength and markers of insulin resistance in European adolescents : The HELENA Study. / Jiménez-Pavón, D.; Ortega, F. B.; Valtueña, J.; Castro-Piñero, J.; Gómez-Martínez, S.; Zaccaria, M.; Gottrand, F.; Molnár, D.; Sjöström, M.; González-Gross, M.; Castillo, M. J.; Moreno, L. A.; Ruiz, J. R.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 112, No. 7, 07.2012, p. 2455-2465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jiménez-Pavón, D, Ortega, FB, Valtueña, J, Castro-Piñero, J, Gómez-Martínez, S, Zaccaria, M, Gottrand, F, Molnár, D, Sjöström, M, González-Gross, M, Castillo, MJ, Moreno, LA & Ruiz, JR 2012, 'Muscular strength and markers of insulin resistance in European adolescents: The HELENA Study', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 112, no. 7, pp. 2455-2465. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-2216-5
Jiménez-Pavón D, Ortega FB, Valtueña J, Castro-Piñero J, Gómez-Martínez S, Zaccaria M et al. Muscular strength and markers of insulin resistance in European adolescents: The HELENA Study. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2012 Jul;112(7):2455-2465. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-2216-5
Jiménez-Pavón, D. ; Ortega, F. B. ; Valtueña, J. ; Castro-Piñero, J. ; Gómez-Martínez, S. ; Zaccaria, M. ; Gottrand, F. ; Molnár, D. ; Sjöström, M. ; González-Gross, M. ; Castillo, M. J. ; Moreno, L. A. ; Ruiz, J. R. / Muscular strength and markers of insulin resistance in European adolescents : The HELENA Study. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2012 ; Vol. 112, No. 7. pp. 2455-2465.
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