The familial accumulation of a multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2a medullary thyroid carcinoma, is described based on the retrospective analysis of a family history. The proband was characterized by medullary carcinoma (MC) combined with phaeochromocytoma, her child had been shown to suffer from MC. In the third generation of the family C-cell hyperplasia and bilateral adrenal hyperplasia occurred. It is shown that in order to arrive at a correct decision as regards the therapy to be used, modern laboratory tests (serum calcitonin, CEA-analysis) and diagnostic imaging methods (ultrasound, computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy) should be used. It is emphasized that the available therapeutic means (surgery, radiotherapy, nuclear medicine) have to be carefully selected and, if necessary, combined. In medullary thyroid carcinoma associated tumours in other endocrine organs should be expected to occur. Family screening using blood chemical and genetic tests are recommended in asymptomatic cases, since their surgical treatment can in this way lead to complete recovery.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 29 1998|
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