Multimode pulsations of the λ bootis star 29 Cygni: The 1995 and 1996 multisite campaigns

D. E. Mkrtichian, A. V. Kusakin, P. Lopez De Coca, K. Krisciunas, C. Akan, V. P. Malanushenko, M. Paparo, J. Percy, A. Rolland, V. Costa, J. I. Olivares, V. A. Koval, M. A. Hobart, C. Ibanoglu, A. Ozturk, S. Thompson, E. Paunzen, G. Handler, V. Burnashev, W. W. WeissK. S. Kuratov, Y. W. Kang

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Abstract

In this paper we present the results of multisite photometric and spectroscopic campaigns, carried out during the years 1995 and 1996, to study the pulsations of a typical λ Bootis star, 29 Cyg. During the 1995 campaign we found well-defined multiperiodicity in 29 Cyg, which was studied in detail during a multilongitude campaign covering a 65 day time interval in 1996. The frequency analysis of the 1996 campaign's data easily revealed 11 excited low ℓ degree modes with frequencies of oscillation ranging from 20.3 to 37.4 cycles day-1 and mean photometric amplitudes ranging from 10.65 to 0.96 mmag in the V filter. After removing the well-identified frequencies, the discrete Fourier transform of the residuals showed excess power in the 20-40 cycle day-1 domain, which indicates the probable existence of unresolved rich p-mode spectra with photometric V amplitudes below 0.5 mmag. We found a regular spacing of 2.41 cycles day-1 within the modes of 29 Cyg, which was interpreted as the spacing of consecutive even and odd ℓ-values. The asteroseismic luminosity log L/L = 1.12, calculated from the frequency spacing, is in good agreement with the Hipparcos luminosity log L/L = 1.16 and with luminosities from photometric and spectroscopic calibrations. Using our multicolor photometry we tentatively identified the dominant f1 = 37.425 cycle day -1 mode as an ℓ= 2, n = 5 mode, and made radial overtone identification for all frequencies. These ranged from n = 2 to 5. Analysis of the photometric data shows the long-term (years) and probable short-term (days) variability of amplitudes for all of these modes in 29 Cyg. Using our multicolor WBVR filter photometry, we found the wavelength dependence of the pulsation amplitudes for the five highest amplitude modes. Based on the Hα line radial velocity observations of 29 Cyg, we detected multiperiodic radial velocity variations with frequencies of 38.36 and 29.99 cycles day-1 and semiamplitudes of 1.0 and 0.8 km s-1, respectively. These frequencies coincide within the errors with the photometric frequencies of the two highest amplitude modes, 37.425 and 29.775 cycles day-1. For the highest amplitude ℓ = 2, n = 5 mode (37.425 cycles day-1), the radial velocity-to-light amplitude ratio and velocity-to-light phase shift are equal to 2K(Hα)/ Δ V = 94 km mag-1 s-1 and Φf1 = φVr - φV = +0.08 ± 0.01, respectively, and are in good agreement with values for δ Scuti stars. The rich multiperiodic spectrum makes 29 Cyg a promising target for future multisite campaigns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1713-1727
Number of pages15
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume134
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 22 2007

Keywords

  • Stars: individual (29 Cygni)
  • Stars: oscillations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Mkrtichian, D. E., Kusakin, A. V., De Coca, P. L., Krisciunas, K., Akan, C., Malanushenko, V. P., Paparo, M., Percy, J., Rolland, A., Costa, V., Olivares, J. I., Koval, V. A., Hobart, M. A., Ibanoglu, C., Ozturk, A., Thompson, S., Paunzen, E., Handler, G., Burnashev, V., ... Kang, Y. W. (2007). Multimode pulsations of the λ bootis star 29 Cygni: The 1995 and 1996 multisite campaigns. Astronomical Journal, 134(4), 1713-1727. https://doi.org/10.1086/521434