Multi-proxy record of orbital-scale changes in climate and sedimentation during the Weissert Event in the Valanginian Bersek Marl Formation (Gerecse Mts., Hungary)

Dávid Bajnai, J. Pálfy, Mathieu Martinez, Gregory D. Price, Anita Nyerges, István Főzy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Valanginian positive carbon isotope excursion and associated environmental changes, known as the Weissert Event, is the first in the series of Cretaceous Earth system perturbations. Here, we develop a multiproxy cyclostratigraphy from a 31.2-m-thick Upper Valanginian to lowermost Hauterivian section of the Bersek Marl Formation in Gerecse Mountains, Hungary, comprising alternating marlstone layers of varying clay and carbonate content. The bulk carbonate δ13C signal shows sustained, elevated values (up to 2.7‰) up to 19.2 m, followed by a decreasing trend upsection. Together with biostratigraphic data, this suggests that the lower part of the section was deposited during the plateau phase of the Late Valanginian Weissert Event. Spectral analyses of the multiproxy dataset, including magnetic susceptibility measurements and gamma-ray spectroscopy on the lower part of the section, led to the identification of precession, obliquity, and long and short eccentricity signals. A mean sedimentation rate of 14 m/Myr was calculated based on astronomical tuning. The cyclicity in the proxy signals reflects dilution cycles induced by the fluctuating rate of detrital runoff into the basin. This supports the idea that orbitally-forced humid-arid cycles controlled the pelagic alternating sedimentation during the Early Cretaceous throughout the Tethyan area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-60
Number of pages16
JournalCretaceous Research
Volume75
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2017

Fingerprint

Valanginian
marl
sedimentation
climate
cyclostratigraphy
Cretaceous
carbonate
Hauterivian
obliquity
cyclicity
precession
magnetic susceptibility
eccentricity
sedimentation rate
carbon isotope
environmental change
dilution
spectroscopy
perturbation
plateau

Keywords

  • Carbon isotope excursion
  • Cyclostratigraphy
  • Early Cretaceous
  • Gamma-ray spectroscopy
  • Magnetic susceptibility
  • Stable isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Multi-proxy record of orbital-scale changes in climate and sedimentation during the Weissert Event in the Valanginian Bersek Marl Formation (Gerecse Mts., Hungary). / Bajnai, Dávid; Pálfy, J.; Martinez, Mathieu; Price, Gregory D.; Nyerges, Anita; Főzy, István.

In: Cretaceous Research, Vol. 75, 01.07.2017, p. 45-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The Valanginian positive carbon isotope excursion and associated environmental changes, known as the Weissert Event, is the first in the series of Cretaceous Earth system perturbations. Here, we develop a multiproxy cyclostratigraphy from a 31.2-m-thick Upper Valanginian to lowermost Hauterivian section of the Bersek Marl Formation in Gerecse Mountains, Hungary, comprising alternating marlstone layers of varying clay and carbonate content. The bulk carbonate δ13C signal shows sustained, elevated values (up to 2.7‰) up to 19.2 m, followed by a decreasing trend upsection. Together with biostratigraphic data, this suggests that the lower part of the section was deposited during the plateau phase of the Late Valanginian Weissert Event. Spectral analyses of the multiproxy dataset, including magnetic susceptibility measurements and gamma-ray spectroscopy on the lower part of the section, led to the identification of precession, obliquity, and long and short eccentricity signals. A mean sedimentation rate of 14 m/Myr was calculated based on astronomical tuning. The cyclicity in the proxy signals reflects dilution cycles induced by the fluctuating rate of detrital runoff into the basin. This supports the idea that orbitally-forced humid-arid cycles controlled the pelagic alternating sedimentation during the Early Cretaceous throughout the Tethyan area.

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