Multi-instrumental observations of a positive gigantic jet produced by a winter thunderstorm in Europe

Oscar A. Van Der Velde, J. Bór, Jingbo Li, Steven A. Cummer, Enrico Arnone, Ferruccio Zanotti, Martin Füllekrug, Christos Haldoupis, Samir Naitamor, Thomas Farges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At 2336:56 UTC on 12 December 2009, a bright gigantic jet (GJ) was recorded by an observer in Italy. Forty-nine additional sprites, elves, halos and two cases of upward lightning were observed that night. The location of the GJ corresponded to a distinct cloud top (-34°C) west of Ajaccio, Corsica. The GJ reached approximately 91 km altitude, with a "trailing jet" reaching 49-59 km, matching with earlier reported GJs. The duration was short at 120-160 ms. This is the first documented GJ which emerged from a maritime winter thunderstorm only 6.5 km tall, showing high cloud tops are not required for initiation of GJs. In the presence of strong vertical wind shear, the meteorological situation was different from typical outbreaks of fall and winter thunderstorms in the Mediterranean. During the trailing jet phase of the GJ, a sprite with halo triggered by a nearby cloud-to-ground lightning flash occurred at a relatively low altitude (

Original languageEnglish
Article numberD24301
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume115
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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lightning
Thunderstorms
thunderstorms
thunderstorm
winter
Corsica
shears
sprite
Italy
Lightning
duration
halos
elves
wind shear
cloud to ground lightning
low altitude
Europe
night
flash

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Multi-instrumental observations of a positive gigantic jet produced by a winter thunderstorm in Europe. / Van Der Velde, Oscar A.; Bór, J.; Li, Jingbo; Cummer, Steven A.; Arnone, Enrico; Zanotti, Ferruccio; Füllekrug, Martin; Haldoupis, Christos; Naitamor, Samir; Farges, Thomas.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 115, No. 24, D24301, 2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Der Velde, OA, Bór, J, Li, J, Cummer, SA, Arnone, E, Zanotti, F, Füllekrug, M, Haldoupis, C, Naitamor, S & Farges, T 2010, 'Multi-instrumental observations of a positive gigantic jet produced by a winter thunderstorm in Europe', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 115, no. 24, D24301. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JD014442
Van Der Velde, Oscar A. ; Bór, J. ; Li, Jingbo ; Cummer, Steven A. ; Arnone, Enrico ; Zanotti, Ferruccio ; Füllekrug, Martin ; Haldoupis, Christos ; Naitamor, Samir ; Farges, Thomas. / Multi-instrumental observations of a positive gigantic jet produced by a winter thunderstorm in Europe. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2010 ; Vol. 115, No. 24.
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