Morphometric evaluation of the turnover of autophagic vacuoles after treatment with Triton X-100 and vinblastine in murine pancreatic acinar and seminal vesicle epithelial cells

J. Kovács, Elizabeth Fellinger, Anna P. Kárpáti, A. Kovács, L. László, Gábor Réz

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Abstract

Large numbers of autophagic vacuoles were found in murine pancreatic acinar and seminal vesicle epithelial cells following the administration of Triton X-100 or vinblastine for 4 h. The autophagic vacuoles disappeared rapidly from the cells after the administration of cycloheximide to animals pretreated with Triton X-100. The decay in seminal vesicle cells appeared to follow firstorder kinetics with an estimated t1/2 of 8.7 min. The regression in pancreatic cells was equally rapid and less than half the initial volume of autophagic vacuoles was found at the 12th min after cycloheximide injection. This time, the decay curve appeared to be linear rather than exponential. Our data, together with the work of others, support the view that the average half-life of autophagic vacuoles is a fairly constant parameter kept within the range of 6-9 min in various types of mouse and rat cell when the late steps of autophagocytosis (i.e. the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes and the degradation within lysosomes) are not affected. The regression of autophagic vacuoles was slow in mice pretreated with vinblastine t1/2 of about 27-30 min) suggesting that this drug slows down the turnover of autophagic vacuoles. Morphometric evaluation of the regression of the autophagic vacuole compartment after cycloheximide treatment can be used as a tool to distinguish between treatments which elevate the amount of autophagic vacuoles within the cells by increasing the rate of sequestration from those which expand the autophagic vacuole compartment by causing accumulation of autophagic vacuoles as a result of blockade of the late steps of the autophagic process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-190
Number of pages8
JournalVirchows Archiv B Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1987

Fingerprint

Vinblastine
Seminal Vesicles
Octoxynol
Vacuoles
Epithelial Cells
Cycloheximide
Therapeutics
Lysosomes
Autophagy
Half-Life
Injections

Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • Pancreas
  • Seminal vesicle
  • Triton X-100
  • Vinblastine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Morphometric evaluation of the turnover of autophagic vacuoles after treatment with Triton X-100 and vinblastine in murine pancreatic acinar and seminal vesicle epithelial cells",
abstract = "Large numbers of autophagic vacuoles were found in murine pancreatic acinar and seminal vesicle epithelial cells following the administration of Triton X-100 or vinblastine for 4 h. The autophagic vacuoles disappeared rapidly from the cells after the administration of cycloheximide to animals pretreated with Triton X-100. The decay in seminal vesicle cells appeared to follow firstorder kinetics with an estimated t1/2 of 8.7 min. The regression in pancreatic cells was equally rapid and less than half the initial volume of autophagic vacuoles was found at the 12th min after cycloheximide injection. This time, the decay curve appeared to be linear rather than exponential. Our data, together with the work of others, support the view that the average half-life of autophagic vacuoles is a fairly constant parameter kept within the range of 6-9 min in various types of mouse and rat cell when the late steps of autophagocytosis (i.e. the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes and the degradation within lysosomes) are not affected. The regression of autophagic vacuoles was slow in mice pretreated with vinblastine t1/2 of about 27-30 min) suggesting that this drug slows down the turnover of autophagic vacuoles. Morphometric evaluation of the regression of the autophagic vacuole compartment after cycloheximide treatment can be used as a tool to distinguish between treatments which elevate the amount of autophagic vacuoles within the cells by increasing the rate of sequestration from those which expand the autophagic vacuole compartment by causing accumulation of autophagic vacuoles as a result of blockade of the late steps of the autophagic process.",
keywords = "Autophagy, Pancreas, Seminal vesicle, Triton X-100, Vinblastine",
author = "J. Kov{\'a}cs and Elizabeth Fellinger and K{\'a}rp{\'a}ti, {Anna P.} and A. Kov{\'a}cs and L. L{\'a}szl{\'o} and G{\'a}bor R{\'e}z",
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AU - Kovács, J.

AU - Fellinger, Elizabeth

AU - Kárpáti, Anna P.

AU - Kovács, A.

AU - László, L.

AU - Réz, Gábor

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N2 - Large numbers of autophagic vacuoles were found in murine pancreatic acinar and seminal vesicle epithelial cells following the administration of Triton X-100 or vinblastine for 4 h. The autophagic vacuoles disappeared rapidly from the cells after the administration of cycloheximide to animals pretreated with Triton X-100. The decay in seminal vesicle cells appeared to follow firstorder kinetics with an estimated t1/2 of 8.7 min. The regression in pancreatic cells was equally rapid and less than half the initial volume of autophagic vacuoles was found at the 12th min after cycloheximide injection. This time, the decay curve appeared to be linear rather than exponential. Our data, together with the work of others, support the view that the average half-life of autophagic vacuoles is a fairly constant parameter kept within the range of 6-9 min in various types of mouse and rat cell when the late steps of autophagocytosis (i.e. the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes and the degradation within lysosomes) are not affected. The regression of autophagic vacuoles was slow in mice pretreated with vinblastine t1/2 of about 27-30 min) suggesting that this drug slows down the turnover of autophagic vacuoles. Morphometric evaluation of the regression of the autophagic vacuole compartment after cycloheximide treatment can be used as a tool to distinguish between treatments which elevate the amount of autophagic vacuoles within the cells by increasing the rate of sequestration from those which expand the autophagic vacuole compartment by causing accumulation of autophagic vacuoles as a result of blockade of the late steps of the autophagic process.

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