Morphology, taxonomy and distribution of Stephanodiscus triporus (Bacillariophyceae) and related taxa

Keve T. Kiss, Sergei I. Genkal, Luc Ector, Levente Molnár, Mónika Duleba, Péter Bíró, Éva Ács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stephanodiscus triporus was described in 1978, based on a study from the phytoplankton of Volgograd Reservoir that used transmission electron microscopy. This species is small, diameter 3.7-10.6 μm, with 14-30 striae and 30-60 areolae in 10 μm, and differs from other Stephanodiscus species by the presence of three satellite pores in the single central fultoportula. Later a new species similar in morphology to S. triporus, was described from Iowa, USA, namely S. vestibulis. A large population of S. vestibulis was found in Lake Balaton and the species also occurs in different Hungarian and French waters. Detailed comparison of S. triporus and S. vestibulis, based on our results and literature, showed they are very similar. Therefore we reinvestigated the type material of both and compared them with the Hungarian and French specimens. Conventional and geometric morphometric analyses were carried out, also including comparisons with the morphologically closest taxon, S. minutulus. There is a continuum of variation between S. triporus and S. vestibulis (in diameter, the number and morphology of the striae, the position of the valve face fultoportula with three satellite pores, the presence of a vestibulum having more or less the same shape). Hence we suggest that they are conspecific, with S. vestibulis a later synonym of S. triporus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-379
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Phycology
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Stephanodiscus triporus
  • Stephanodiscus vestibulis
  • centric diatom
  • distribution
  • freshwater phytoplankton
  • morphology
  • morphometrics
  • taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Plant Science

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