Morphology and molecular biology of Phoma

L. Irinyi, A. K. Gade, A. P. Ingle, G. J. Kövics, M. K. Rai, E. Sándor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


Phoma Sacc. emend. Boerema and G.J. Bollen (1975) is an ubiquitous genus, which has been reported from plants, soil, human beings, animals and air. The speciation of the genus Phoma was based on host-alone and later on, the trend was to study different species of Phoma in pure culture. On the basis of morphological studies on different culture media, several species were found to be identical. These studies have prompted many investigators to carry out morphological and cultural studies. The morphological criteria, such as diameter and colour of the colony, shape and size of pycnidia and pycnospores, formation of chlamydospores and pigmentation were considered for identification and differentiation of the species. However, these criteria are not always reliable and therefore, molecular studies were carried out. Molecular markers like RAPD and ITS-rDNA sequences were used for identification and differentiation of species of Phoma and to understand the evolutionary relationship among the species. The main goal of the present chapter is to discuss morphological and molecular identification and differentiation of selected species of Phoma.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCurrent Advances in Molecular Mycology
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages33
ISBN (Print)9781604569094
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008


  • ITS-rdna
  • Molecular biology
  • Morphology
  • Phoma
  • Tef1 sequences
  • β-Tubulin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Irinyi, L., Gade, A. K., Ingle, A. P., Kövics, G. J., Rai, M. K., & Sándor, E. (2008). Morphology and molecular biology of Phoma. In Current Advances in Molecular Mycology (pp. 171-203). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..