Morphological and genetic variability of assemblages of Cyclotella ocellata Pantocsek/C. comensis Grunow complex (Bacillariophyta, Thalassiosirales)

Mónika Duleba, Keve T. Kiss, Angéla Földi, József Kovács, Koraljka Kralj Borojević, Levente F. Molnár, Andjelka Plenković-Moraj, Zsuzsanna Pohner, Cüneyt Nadir Solak, Bence Tóth, Éva Ács

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Centric diatom taxa in the Cyclotella ocellata and C. comensis complexes show high morphological variability and often apparently continuous morphological transitions. In this study, we investigated natural assemblages of the C. ocellata/C. comensis complex from Hungarian and Croatian lakes and from Turkish streams using morphological and molecular methods. The studied assemblages contained cells with morphologies resembling C. ocellata as well as other, closely related, species: C. comensis, C. pseudocomensis, C. costei, and C. trichnoidea. The goal of our paper was to assess whether the observed morphological differences were due to intraspecific variability or suggest the existence of several, putatively distinct species.Ten morphometric characters were measured, which, either individually, or in pairs, did not differentiate the nominal taxa in our assemblages. However, multivariate discriminant analysis has revealed a group including C. ocellata and C. trichonidea morphologies could be separated from another containing C. comensis, C. pseudocomensis and C. costei.A nuclear (18S rDNA) and a chloroplast (rbcL) gene were amplified and partially sequenced from environmental DNA or from isolated cells. The sequences showed little variability among the assemblages and nominal species. Although general congruence of molecular and morphometric separation supports the species level separation of C. ocellata/trichonidea from the probably conspecific C. comensis/pseudocomensis/costei, sequence divergences between the groups are in the same range as within them, so that a conspecificity of all four taxa cannot be unequivocally excluded.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-306
Number of pages24
JournalDiatom Research
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2 2015

Keywords

  • 18S rDNA
  • Cyclotella comensis
  • Cyclotella ocellata
  • European and Turkish assemblages
  • morphometric analysis
  • rbcL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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    Duleba, M., Kiss, K. T., Földi, A., Kovács, J., Borojević, K. K., Molnár, L. F., Plenković-Moraj, A., Pohner, Z., Solak, C. N., Tóth, B., & Ács, É. (2015). Morphological and genetic variability of assemblages of Cyclotella ocellata Pantocsek/C. comensis Grunow complex (Bacillariophyta, Thalassiosirales). Diatom Research, 30(4), 283-306. https://doi.org/10.1080/0269249X.2015.1101402