Morphogenetics of ancient Vitis seeds (3rd and 11th-15th cents, hungary)-a genotype reconstruction

Gábor Gyulai, Renée P. Malone, Luther Waters, László Heszky, Erzsébet Kiss

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Abstract

Morphogenetics of grape (Vitis vinifera) seed remains from Roman (3rd CENT CE) (current ere) and Medieval (11th to 15th CENT CE) archeological sites in Hungary are discussed in this Chapter. Seeds were analyzed by LM (Light Microscopy) and SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy). Excavation sites included Budapest (Aquincum; 3rd CENT, Hungary) and Keszthely (Fenékpuszta; 5th CENT, Hungary) of Roman Age; and Gyor (Ece, 11th-12th CENT, Hungary), Debrecen (13th CENT, Hungary) and the King's Palace of Árpád Dynasty at the Castle of Buda, Budapest (15th CENT, Hungary) of the Middle Ages. Ancient seeds were compared to thirty current grape varieties of similar seed size, shape and morphology. The current blue grape variety Vitis vinifera cv. "kék bakator' (syn.:"Blue Bocca d'Oro'; "aranybogyó', "golden grapes') (# 25, Figure 4) was found most similar in seed morphology to one of the ancient samples (15th CENT Debrecen, Hungary) which indicates the antiquity of this cultivar.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlant Archaeogenetics
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages41-48
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781611226447
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Gyulai, G., Malone, R. P., Waters, L., Heszky, L., & Kiss, E. (2011). Morphogenetics of ancient Vitis seeds (3rd and 11th-15th cents, hungary)-a genotype reconstruction. In Plant Archaeogenetics (pp. 41-48). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..