Monoclonal antibody proteomics: Use of antibody mimotope displaying phages and the relevant synthetic peptides for mAb scouting

István Hajdú, Beáta Flachner, Melinda Bognár, Barbara M. Végh, Krisztina Dobi, Zsolt Lorincz, József Lázár, Sándor Cseh, László Takács, István Kurucz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Monoclonal antibody proteomics uses nascent libraries or cloned (Plasmascan™, QuantiPlasma™) libraries of mAbs that react with individual epitopes of proteins in the human plasma. At the initial phase of library creation, cognate protein antigen and the epitope interacting with the antibodies are not known. Scouting for monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with the best binding characteristics is of high importance for mAb based biomarker assay development. However, in the absence of the identity of the cognate antigen the task represents a challenge. We combined phage display, and surface plasmon resonance (Biacore) experiments to test whether specific phages and the respective mimotope peptides obtained from large scale studies are applicable to determine key features of antibodies for scouting. We show here that mAb captured phage-mimotope heterogeneity that is the diversity of the selected peptide sequences, is inversely correlated with an important binding descriptor; the off-rate of the antibodies and that represents clues for driving the selection of useful mAbs for biomarker assay development. Carefully chosen synthetic mimotope peptides are suitable for specificity testing in competitive assays using the target proteome, in our case the human plasma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-177
Number of pages6
JournalImmunology letters
Volume160
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014

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Keywords

  • Affinity
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Phage-display
  • Proteomics
  • Surface plasmon resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Hajdú, I., Flachner, B., Bognár, M., Végh, B. M., Dobi, K., Lorincz, Z., Lázár, J., Cseh, S., Takács, L., & Kurucz, I. (2014). Monoclonal antibody proteomics: Use of antibody mimotope displaying phages and the relevant synthetic peptides for mAb scouting. Immunology letters, 160(2), 172-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imlet.2014.02.001