Monitoring pollution in River Mureş, Romania, part II: Metal accumulation and histopathology in fish

Rita Triebskorn, Ilie Telcean, Heidi Casper, A. Farkas, Cristina Sandu, Gheorghe Stan, Ovidiu Colârescu, Tiberiu Dori, Heinz R. Köhler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As a part of an exposure and effect monitoring conducted along the river Mureş, Western Romania in 2004, the health status of two indigenous fish species, sneep (Chondrostoma nasus) and European chub (Leuciscus cephalus) was investigated upstream and downstream the city of Arad. In fish, histopathology was assessed in liver and gills, and heavy metals (cadmium, copper, lead and zinc) were analyzed in liver samples. In both fish species, histopathological reactions in the gills (epithelial lifting, focal proliferation of epithelial cells of primary and secondary lamellae and resulting fusion of secondary lamellae, hyperplasia and hypertrophy of mucous cells, focal inflammation and necrosis of epithelial cells) were most severe at the two sampling sites upstream Arad city, which were shown to be polluted by copper, cadmium, faecal coliforms and streptococci in a parallel study. At these two sites, also histopathology in the liver of L. cephalus was more prominent than at the two downstream sites. In C. nasus, symptoms in the liver (focal inflammation with lymphocytic infiltrations, macrophage aggregates and single cell necrosis) were also highly pronounced at the sampling site located directly downstream the municipal sewage treatment plant of Arad. With the exception of copper accumulation in L. cephalus caught at the most upstream sampling site, in both fish species cadmium and copper accumulation were exceptionally high and did not differ significantly between the four sampling sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-188
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume141
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Fingerprint

pollution monitoring
histopathology
Liver
Fish
Copper
Pollution
Rivers
Metals
Cadmium
Sampling
copper
cadmium
Monitoring
metal
sampling
fish
river
Sewage treatment plants
Macrophages
health status

Keywords

  • Biomarker
  • Chub
  • Fish
  • Histopathology
  • Metal accumulation
  • Monitoring
  • Sneep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Monitoring pollution in River Mureş, Romania, part II : Metal accumulation and histopathology in fish. / Triebskorn, Rita; Telcean, Ilie; Casper, Heidi; Farkas, A.; Sandu, Cristina; Stan, Gheorghe; Colârescu, Ovidiu; Dori, Tiberiu; Köhler, Heinz R.

In: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 141, No. 1-3, 06.2008, p. 177-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Triebskorn, R, Telcean, I, Casper, H, Farkas, A, Sandu, C, Stan, G, Colârescu, O, Dori, T & Köhler, HR 2008, 'Monitoring pollution in River Mureş, Romania, part II: Metal accumulation and histopathology in fish', Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 141, no. 1-3, pp. 177-188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-9886-9
Triebskorn, Rita ; Telcean, Ilie ; Casper, Heidi ; Farkas, A. ; Sandu, Cristina ; Stan, Gheorghe ; Colârescu, Ovidiu ; Dori, Tiberiu ; Köhler, Heinz R. / Monitoring pollution in River Mureş, Romania, part II : Metal accumulation and histopathology in fish. In: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2008 ; Vol. 141, No. 1-3. pp. 177-188.
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