Monitoring of optical isomers of chiral alcohols and derivatives by chiral gas chromatography. Effect of derivatization on the enantio-differentiation

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Gas chromatographic chiral separation of several chiral 2- and 3-alkanols and diols was studied both in their free hydroxyl and in their trimethylsilyl ether forms. First, the derivatization procedure was verified through the identification of the trimethylsilyl ethers formed on the basis of their mass spectra and optimized to obtain quantitative reaction. The optimized procedure was applied to the trimethylsilylation of racemic mixtures of various hydroxyl compounds. The silylation was found to be highly effective in the improvement of the separation of the individual enantiomers. The major advantages of the derivatization process can be summarized as: (i) excellent baseline separation of the enantiomers of the silyl ethers was achieved in contrast to the parent OH-containing compounds, (ii) the sensitivity of detection highly increased, (iii) the separations do not show any significant concentration dependence and finally (iv) the analysis time needed decreased significantly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-85
Number of pages5
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 29 1998



  • Alcohols
  • Chiral separation
  • Diols
  • Gas chromatography
  • Trimethylsilylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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