Monitoring of ascospore density of Erysiphe necator in the air in relation to weather factors and powdery mildew development

I. Holb, István Füzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a 6-year Hungarian study, ascospore density of Erysiphe necator in the air was monitored and related to three weather variables (temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall) and powdery mildew disease progress in two commercial vineyards. Temporal pattern in aerial density was also quantified. In total, 71 ascospore trapping periods were detected over the 6-year period from early April until end June. Across all years, 6.6 % of the total ascospores (0.5 % mean ascospore percent per day) were caught between the initiation of sampling in April and bud break, 62.2 % (1.6 %) from bud break to bloom, and 31.2 % (0.3 %) between bloom and the conclusion of sampling at the end of June. Hourly proportions of ascospores caught did not reveal diurnal patterns of spore release. All three weather factors (in the order of rainfall, relative humidity and temperature) correlated significantly with mean ascospore catches in each year. Mean hourly rainfall correlated best with mean hourly ascospore catches (correlation coefficient, r, ranged from 0.43 to 0.78) in both vineyards and in all years. First leaf and berry symptoms appeared between 7 and 24 May and between 25 May and 19 June, respectively, during the 6-year study. Disease started to progress slowly after the appearance of the first infected leaf followed by an exponential increase from early June. By the end of June, leaf and berry disease incidences ranged from 4.1 to 98.2 % and from 0.9 to 6.8 %, respectively, over the 6-year period. Leaf incidences showed significant relationship with corresponding cumulative numbers of trapped ascospore in five out of 6 years, which was described by three-parameter Gompertz functions in each year. Results were compared and discussed with previous observations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-762
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume144
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

Fingerprint

Uncinula necator
ascospores
powdery mildew
weather
air
monitoring
budbreak
rain
vineyards
small fruits
leaves
relative humidity
diurnal variation
angle of incidence
disease incidence
signs and symptoms (plants)
trapping
temperature
spores
sampling

Keywords

  • Aerial ascospore density
  • Disease incidence
  • Epidemiology
  • Erysiphe necator
  • Grape powdery mildew
  • Spore dispersal
  • Weather variables

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Monitoring of ascospore density of Erysiphe necator in the air in relation to weather factors and powdery mildew development. / Holb, I.; Füzi, István.

In: European Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 144, No. 4, 01.04.2016, p. 751-762.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "In a 6-year Hungarian study, ascospore density of Erysiphe necator in the air was monitored and related to three weather variables (temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall) and powdery mildew disease progress in two commercial vineyards. Temporal pattern in aerial density was also quantified. In total, 71 ascospore trapping periods were detected over the 6-year period from early April until end June. Across all years, 6.6 {\%} of the total ascospores (0.5 {\%} mean ascospore percent per day) were caught between the initiation of sampling in April and bud break, 62.2 {\%} (1.6 {\%}) from bud break to bloom, and 31.2 {\%} (0.3 {\%}) between bloom and the conclusion of sampling at the end of June. Hourly proportions of ascospores caught did not reveal diurnal patterns of spore release. All three weather factors (in the order of rainfall, relative humidity and temperature) correlated significantly with mean ascospore catches in each year. Mean hourly rainfall correlated best with mean hourly ascospore catches (correlation coefficient, r, ranged from 0.43 to 0.78) in both vineyards and in all years. First leaf and berry symptoms appeared between 7 and 24 May and between 25 May and 19 June, respectively, during the 6-year study. Disease started to progress slowly after the appearance of the first infected leaf followed by an exponential increase from early June. By the end of June, leaf and berry disease incidences ranged from 4.1 to 98.2 {\%} and from 0.9 to 6.8 {\%}, respectively, over the 6-year period. Leaf incidences showed significant relationship with corresponding cumulative numbers of trapped ascospore in five out of 6 years, which was described by three-parameter Gompertz functions in each year. Results were compared and discussed with previous observations.",
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