Monitoring and early warning in environmental management

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Measurement and continuous monitoring of representative indicators and earlywarning signals belong to the most effective engineering tools of modern environmental management. Emissions caused by the use and production of chemical substances may seriously affect the environment, the ecosystem and humans. Environmental managers must undertake preventive measures at the earliest possible stage to avoid irreversible damage. Efficient early warning requires special bioindicators and detecting tools to enable immediate interventions. Time series of data obtained from long-term monitoring support sustainable environmental management and provide a basis for long-term planning and legislation. It is extremely important to define early-warning indicators for those chronic environmental risks which are not yet defined. Chemical substances that do not show short-term adverse effects but are extremely risky in the long run, and whose chronic effects are not proportional to their concentrations, are rather difficult to manage. Such obscure chemicals and elusive chronic effects require efficient biochemical indicators. In situ and possibly online monitoring methods which enable immediate control and intervention may increase early warning efficiency. This chapter introduces geological, hydrogeological, geochemical, physicochemical, biochemical, ecotoxicological, biological and ecological monitoring methods. It also discusses planning and implementation of the monitoring and early warning systems as well as their role in environmental management. The tools, instruments and equipment developed, as well as their commercial availability, are introduced in the next two chapters (3 and 4).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management -3
Subtitle of host publicationSite Assessment and Monitoring Tools
PublisherCRC Press
Pages99-180
Number of pages82
ISBN (Electronic)9781317697459
ISBN (Print)9781138001565
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Environmental management
environmental management
Monitoring
monitoring
chemical substance
Planning
early warning system
Alarm systems
Biomarkers
bioindicator
environmental risk
Ecosystems
Time series
legislation
Managers
Availability
time series
engineering
damage
ecosystem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Gruiz, K. (2017). Monitoring and early warning in environmental management. In Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management -3: Site Assessment and Monitoring Tools (pp. 99-180). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/b19954

Monitoring and early warning in environmental management. / Gruiz, K.

Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management -3: Site Assessment and Monitoring Tools. CRC Press, 2017. p. 99-180.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Gruiz, K 2017, Monitoring and early warning in environmental management. in Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management -3: Site Assessment and Monitoring Tools. CRC Press, pp. 99-180. https://doi.org/10.1201/b19954
Gruiz K. Monitoring and early warning in environmental management. In Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management -3: Site Assessment and Monitoring Tools. CRC Press. 2017. p. 99-180 https://doi.org/10.1201/b19954
Gruiz, K. / Monitoring and early warning in environmental management. Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management -3: Site Assessment and Monitoring Tools. CRC Press, 2017. pp. 99-180
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