Molecular structure and vibrational spectra of mixed MDyX 4 (M = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs; X = F, Cl, Br, I) vapor complexes: A computational and matrix-isolation infrared spectroscopic study

Cornelis Petrus Groen, Attila Kovács, Z. Varga, M. Hargittai

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structures, energetic, and vibrational properties of MDyX 4 (M = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs; X = F, Cl, Br, I) mixed alkali halide/dysprosium halide complexes have been investigated by a joint computational and experimental, matrix-isolation Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopic (MI-IR), study. According to our DFT computations for the complexes with heavier halides and alkali metals the ground-state structure is the tridentate isomer; while at high temperatures the bidentate structural isomer dominates. The survey of various dissociation processes revealed the preference of the dissociation to neutral MX and DyX 3 fragments over ionic and radical dissociation products. Cationic complexes are considerably less stable at 1000 K than the neutral complexes, and they prefer to dissociate to M + + DyX 4 fragments. The vapor species of selected mixtures of NaBr and CsBr with DyBr 3 and of CsI with DyI 3 in the temperature range 900-1000 K have been isolated in krypton and xenon matrices and investigated by infrared spectroscopy. Besides the characteristic vibrational frequencies of the monomeric and dimeric alkali halide species and of the dysprosium trihalide molecules, certain signals indicated the formation of MDyX 4 (M = Na, Cs; X = Br, I) mixed complexes. Comparison with the computed vibrational and thermodynamic characteristics of the relevant species lead to the conclusion that these complexes appear in the vapor predominantly as the C 2v-symmetry bidentate isomer. This is the first time that this structure was identified in an experimental vibrational spectroscopic study. The signals appearing upon performing a thermal anneal cycle were tentatively assigned to the double complex M 2DyX 5 (M = Na, Cs; X = Br, I). A structure in which one alkali atom is bound to dysprosium by three and the other by two bridges is proposed for these double complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-556
Number of pages14
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2 2012

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Dysprosium
dysprosium
Vibrational spectra
Isomers
vibrational spectra
Molecular structure
isolation
Alkali halides
molecular structure
isomers
Vapors
dissociation
vapors
alkali halides
Infrared radiation
matrices
fragments
Krypton
Alkali Metals
Xenon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Molecular structure and vibrational spectra of mixed MDyX 4 (M = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs; X = F, Cl, Br, I) vapor complexes: A computational and matrix-isolation infrared spectroscopic study",
abstract = "The structures, energetic, and vibrational properties of MDyX 4 (M = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs; X = F, Cl, Br, I) mixed alkali halide/dysprosium halide complexes have been investigated by a joint computational and experimental, matrix-isolation Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopic (MI-IR), study. According to our DFT computations for the complexes with heavier halides and alkali metals the ground-state structure is the tridentate isomer; while at high temperatures the bidentate structural isomer dominates. The survey of various dissociation processes revealed the preference of the dissociation to neutral MX and DyX 3 fragments over ionic and radical dissociation products. Cationic complexes are considerably less stable at 1000 K than the neutral complexes, and they prefer to dissociate to M + + DyX 4 • fragments. The vapor species of selected mixtures of NaBr and CsBr with DyBr 3 and of CsI with DyI 3 in the temperature range 900-1000 K have been isolated in krypton and xenon matrices and investigated by infrared spectroscopy. Besides the characteristic vibrational frequencies of the monomeric and dimeric alkali halide species and of the dysprosium trihalide molecules, certain signals indicated the formation of MDyX 4 (M = Na, Cs; X = Br, I) mixed complexes. Comparison with the computed vibrational and thermodynamic characteristics of the relevant species lead to the conclusion that these complexes appear in the vapor predominantly as the C 2v-symmetry bidentate isomer. This is the first time that this structure was identified in an experimental vibrational spectroscopic study. The signals appearing upon performing a thermal anneal cycle were tentatively assigned to the double complex M 2DyX 5 (M = Na, Cs; X = Br, I). A structure in which one alkali atom is bound to dysprosium by three and the other by two bridges is proposed for these double complexes.",
author = "Groen, {Cornelis Petrus} and Attila Kov{\'a}cs and Z. Varga and M. Hargittai",
year = "2012",
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T1 - Molecular structure and vibrational spectra of mixed MDyX 4 (M = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs; X = F, Cl, Br, I) vapor complexes

T2 - A computational and matrix-isolation infrared spectroscopic study

AU - Groen, Cornelis Petrus

AU - Kovács, Attila

AU - Varga, Z.

AU - Hargittai, M.

PY - 2012/1/2

Y1 - 2012/1/2

N2 - The structures, energetic, and vibrational properties of MDyX 4 (M = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs; X = F, Cl, Br, I) mixed alkali halide/dysprosium halide complexes have been investigated by a joint computational and experimental, matrix-isolation Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopic (MI-IR), study. According to our DFT computations for the complexes with heavier halides and alkali metals the ground-state structure is the tridentate isomer; while at high temperatures the bidentate structural isomer dominates. The survey of various dissociation processes revealed the preference of the dissociation to neutral MX and DyX 3 fragments over ionic and radical dissociation products. Cationic complexes are considerably less stable at 1000 K than the neutral complexes, and they prefer to dissociate to M + + DyX 4 • fragments. The vapor species of selected mixtures of NaBr and CsBr with DyBr 3 and of CsI with DyI 3 in the temperature range 900-1000 K have been isolated in krypton and xenon matrices and investigated by infrared spectroscopy. Besides the characteristic vibrational frequencies of the monomeric and dimeric alkali halide species and of the dysprosium trihalide molecules, certain signals indicated the formation of MDyX 4 (M = Na, Cs; X = Br, I) mixed complexes. Comparison with the computed vibrational and thermodynamic characteristics of the relevant species lead to the conclusion that these complexes appear in the vapor predominantly as the C 2v-symmetry bidentate isomer. This is the first time that this structure was identified in an experimental vibrational spectroscopic study. The signals appearing upon performing a thermal anneal cycle were tentatively assigned to the double complex M 2DyX 5 (M = Na, Cs; X = Br, I). A structure in which one alkali atom is bound to dysprosium by three and the other by two bridges is proposed for these double complexes.

AB - The structures, energetic, and vibrational properties of MDyX 4 (M = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs; X = F, Cl, Br, I) mixed alkali halide/dysprosium halide complexes have been investigated by a joint computational and experimental, matrix-isolation Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopic (MI-IR), study. According to our DFT computations for the complexes with heavier halides and alkali metals the ground-state structure is the tridentate isomer; while at high temperatures the bidentate structural isomer dominates. The survey of various dissociation processes revealed the preference of the dissociation to neutral MX and DyX 3 fragments over ionic and radical dissociation products. Cationic complexes are considerably less stable at 1000 K than the neutral complexes, and they prefer to dissociate to M + + DyX 4 • fragments. The vapor species of selected mixtures of NaBr and CsBr with DyBr 3 and of CsI with DyI 3 in the temperature range 900-1000 K have been isolated in krypton and xenon matrices and investigated by infrared spectroscopy. Besides the characteristic vibrational frequencies of the monomeric and dimeric alkali halide species and of the dysprosium trihalide molecules, certain signals indicated the formation of MDyX 4 (M = Na, Cs; X = Br, I) mixed complexes. Comparison with the computed vibrational and thermodynamic characteristics of the relevant species lead to the conclusion that these complexes appear in the vapor predominantly as the C 2v-symmetry bidentate isomer. This is the first time that this structure was identified in an experimental vibrational spectroscopic study. The signals appearing upon performing a thermal anneal cycle were tentatively assigned to the double complex M 2DyX 5 (M = Na, Cs; X = Br, I). A structure in which one alkali atom is bound to dysprosium by three and the other by two bridges is proposed for these double complexes.

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