Molecular pharmacological approach to drug actions on the afferent and efferent fibres of the vagal nerve involved in gastric mucosal protection in rats

Gyula Mózsik, András Dömötör, Ornar M.E. Abdel-Salam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Gastric mucosal protection is associated with the actions of anti-ulcer drugs or agents affecting on the afferent and/or efferent nerve fibres of the vagal nerve. Aims: 1. To identify the dose-response curves of drugs (compounds) on the afferent vanilloid-receptor (capsaicin or resiniferatoxin-sensitive) and on efferent secretion (atropine, pirenzepine, cimetidine, ranitidine, famotidine, omeprazole, esomeprazole) basal gastric acid and stimulated gastric secretion in relation to the chemically-induced gastric mucosal damage in rats; 2. To determine the ED50 (pD2) and pA2 on the calculation of affinity and intrinsic affinity curves for these agonists/antagonists, as an indication of relative potency of effects. Materials and methods: The observations were carried out in rats (30 different models). Results: The ED50 values for affinities of capsaicin, resiniferatoxin were obtained in nmol/kg b.w. range, whereas the values were in the nmol/kg to μmol/kg b. w. ranges for effects on the gastric basal, stimulated (bethanechol, pentagastrin, histamine) gastric secretion, and the gastric mucosal damage-produced by different ulcerogenic agents (ethanol, HCl, aspirin, indomethacin). Conclusion: From the observations, that agents acting on vanilloid (capsaicin) receptors were the most potent inhibitors of acid secretion and gastric lesions from necrotizing agents, suggests that the capsaicin sensitive afferent nerves have a primary place in the efferent regulated events leading to initiation of gastric mucosal damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-249
Number of pages7
JournalInflammoPharmacology
Volume14
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2006

Keywords

  • Afferent nerves
  • Capsaicin sensitive afferent nerves
  • Chemically-induced gastric mucosal damage
  • Gastric basal and stimulated acid secretion
  • Vagal nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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